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DBMS > Firebird vs. MariaDB

System Properties Comparison Firebird vs. MariaDB

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Our visitors often compare Firebird and MariaDB with MySQL, Microsoft SQL Server and PostgreSQL.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFirebird  Xexclude from comparisonMariaDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFirebird is an open source RDBMS forked from Borland's InterBaseMySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. With MariaDB ColumnStore a column-oriented storage engine is available too.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score21.38
Rank#30  Overall
#18  Relational DBMS
Score86.52
Rank#12  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.firebirdsql.orgmariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
Technical documentationwww.firebirdsql.org/­en/­reference-manualsmariadb.com/­kb/­en/­library
DeveloperFirebird FoundationMariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
Initial release2000 infoAs fork of Borland's InterBase2009
Current release3.0.4, October 201810.3.15, May 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoInitial Developer's Public LicenseOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • Azure Database for MariaDB: A fully managed, scalable MariaDB relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
  • MariaDB Managed Service: A customized MariaDB deployment fully managed by the experts at MariaDB in the cloud of your choice. Keeps you up to date with features, upgrades, hotfixes and security patches.
Implementation languageC and C++C and C++
Server operating systemsAIX
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
server-less infoFirebird Embedded Server
Solaris
Unix
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
Data schemeyesyes infoDynamic columns are supported
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes
Secondary indexesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methodsC/C++ API
OLE DB
ADO.NET
JDBC infoJaybird
ODBC
Proprietary native API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Lua
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresPSQLyes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3
Triggersyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneHorizontal partitioning, sharding with Spider storage engine or Galera cluster infoPartitioning by range, list, hash, key
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnone infoavailable via 3rd party productsMaster-master replication infousing MariaDB Galera Cluster
Master-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes infonot for MyISAM storage engine
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infonot for MyISAM storage engine
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infoFeatures a multi-generational MVCC architecture, readers do not block writersyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infonot for in-memory storage engine
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infowith MEMORY storage engine
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization conceptfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
FirebirdMariaDB
Specific characteristicsOpen source database from the creators of MySQL, enhanced with enterprise tools and...
» more
Competitive advantagesHigh availability, scalability, performance beyond MySQL and other databases.
» more
Typical application scenariosWeb, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
» more
Key customersBooking.com, Wikipedia, Google, Canal+, ClubMed, Deutsche Telekom, La Poste, Virgin...
» more
Market metricsMariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesAzure Database for MariaDB: Easily deploy applications to the cloud.
» more

Navicat for MariaDB provides a native environment for MariaDB database management and development.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
FirebirdMariaDB
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