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DBMS > Firebird vs. LevelDB vs. Microsoft Access vs. ToroDB

System Properties Comparison Firebird vs. LevelDB vs. Microsoft Access vs. ToroDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFirebird  Xexclude from comparisonLevelDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Access  Xexclude from comparisonToroDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFirebird is an open source RDBMS forked from Borland's InterBaseEmbeddable fast key-value storage library that provides an ordered mapping from string keys to string valuesMicrosoft Access combines a backend RDBMS (JET / ACE Engine) with a GUI frontend for data manipulation and queries. infoThe Access frontend is often used for accessing other datasources (DBMS, Excel, etc.)A MongoDB-compatible JSON document store, built on top of PostgreSQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMSKey-value storeRelational DBMSDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score19.45
Rank#32  Overall
#19  Relational DBMS
Score2.80
Rank#87  Overall
#15  Key-value stores
Score121.92
Rank#10  Overall
#7  Relational DBMS
Score0.07
Rank#299  Overall
#40  Document stores
Websitewww.firebirdsql.orggithub.com/­google/­leveldbproducts.office.com/­en-us/­accesswww.torodb.com
Technical documentationwww.firebirdsql.org/­en/­reference-manualsgithub.com/­google/­leveldb/­blob/­master/­doc/­index.mdmsdn.microsoft.com/­en-us/­library/­office/­ff604965.aspxwww.torodb.com/­stampede/­docs
DeveloperFirebird FoundationGoogleMicrosoft8Kdata
Initial release2000 infoAs fork of Borland's InterBase201119922016
Current release3.0.5, 20201.22, May 20191902 (16.0.11328.20222), March 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoInitial Developer's Public LicenseOpen Source infoBSDcommercial infoBundled with Microsoft OfficeOpen Source infoAGPL-V3
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC and C++C++C++Java
Server operating systemsAIX
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
server-less infoFirebird Embedded Server
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Illumos
Linux
OS X
Windows
Windows infoNot a real database server, but making use of DLLsAll OS with a Java 7 VM
Data schemeyesschema-freeyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyesyes infostring, integer, double, boolean, date, object_id
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesnoyes infobut not compliant to any SQL standard
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
C/C++ API
JDBC infoJaybird
ODBC
OLE DB
ADO.NET
DAO
ODBC
OLE DB
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Lua
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C++
Go
Java info3rd party binding
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party binding
Python info3rd party binding
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java (JDBC-ODBC)
VBA
Visual Basic.NET
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresPSQLnoyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engine
Triggersyesnoyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenonenoneSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnone infoavailable via 3rd party productsnonenoneMaster-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACID infobut no files for transaction loggingno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infoFeatures a multi-generational MVCC architecture, readers do not block writersyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infowith automatic compression on writesyes infobut no files for transaction loggingyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization conceptnono infoa simple user-level security was built in till version Access 2003Access rights for users and roles

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More resources
FirebirdLevelDBMicrosoft AccessToroDB
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