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DBMS > Firebird vs. Interbase vs. Microsoft Access

System Properties Comparison Firebird vs. Interbase vs. Microsoft Access

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFirebird  Xexclude from comparisonInterbase  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Access  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFirebird is an open source RDBMS forked from Borland's InterBaseLight-weight proven RDBMS infooriginally from BorlandMicrosoft Access combines a backend RDBMS (JET / ACE Engine) with a GUI frontend for data manipulation and queries. infoThe Access frontend is often used for accessing other datasources (DBMS, Excel, etc.)
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score24.30
Rank#31  Overall
#17  Relational DBMS
Score6.36
Rank#60  Overall
#33  Relational DBMS
Score114.94
Rank#10  Overall
#7  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.firebirdsql.orgwww.embarcadero.com/­products/­interbasewww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­microsoft-365/­access
Technical documentationwww.firebirdsql.org/­en/­reference-manualsdocs.embarcadero.com/­products/­interbasedeveloper.microsoft.com/­en-us/­access
DeveloperFirebird FoundationEmbarcaderoMicrosoft
Initial release2000 infoAs fork of Borland's InterBase19841992
Current release4.0, June 2021InterBase 2020, December 20191902 (16.0.11328.20222), March 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoInitial Developer's Public Licensecommercialcommercial infoBundled with Microsoft Office
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC and C++CC++
Server operating systemsAIX
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
server-less infoFirebird Embedded Server
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Android
iOS
Linux
OS X
Windows
Windows infoNot a real database server, but making use of DLLs
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no infoexport as XML data possible
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyesyes infobut not compliant to any SQL standard
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
C/C++ API
JDBC infoJaybird
ODBC
OLE DB
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
DAO
ODBC
OLE DB
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Lua
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java
Object Pascal
PHP
Ruby
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java (JDBC-ODBC)
VBA
Visual Basic.NET
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresPSQLyes infoInterbase procedure and trigger languageyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engine
Triggersyesyesyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engine
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnone infoavailable via 3rd party productsInterbase Change Viewsnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID infobut no files for transaction logging
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infoFeatures a multi-generational MVCC architecture, readers do not block writersyes infoMultiversion concurreny controlyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infobut no files for transaction logging
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization conceptfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno infoa simple user-level security was built in till version Access 2003

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More resources
FirebirdInterbaseMicrosoft Access
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