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DBMS > Firebird vs. Interbase vs. MariaDB

System Properties Comparison Firebird vs. Interbase vs. MariaDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFirebird  Xexclude from comparisonInterbase  Xexclude from comparisonMariaDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFirebird is an open source RDBMS forked from Borland's InterBaseLight-weight proven RDBMS infooriginally from BorlandMySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. MariaDB ColumnStore provides a column-oriented storage engine and MariaDB Xpand supports distributed SQL.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score24.83
Rank#31  Overall
#17  Relational DBMS
Score6.29
Rank#61  Overall
#33  Relational DBMS
Score100.70
Rank#12  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.firebirdsql.orgwww.embarcadero.com/­products/­interbasemariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
Technical documentationwww.firebirdsql.org/­en/­reference-manualsdocs.embarcadero.com/­products/­interbasemariadb.com/­kb/­en/­library
DeveloperFirebird FoundationEmbarcaderoMariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
Initial release2000 infoAs fork of Borland's InterBase19842009
Current release4.0, June 2021InterBase 2020, December 201910.6.4, August 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoInitial Developer's Public LicensecommercialOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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SkySQL (The Ultimate MariaDB Cloud): The first and only DBaaS to bring the full power of MariaDB Platform to the cloud, combining powerful enterprise features and world-class support with unrivaled ease of use and groundbreaking innovation.
Implementation languageC and C++CC and C++
Server operating systemsAIX
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
server-less infoFirebird Embedded Server
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Android
iOS
Linux
OS X
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
Data schemeyesyesyes infoDynamic columns are supported
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no infoexport as XML data possibleyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyesyes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
C/C++ API
JDBC infoJaybird
ODBC
OLE DB
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Lua
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java
Object Pascal
PHP
Ruby
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresPSQLyes infoInterbase procedure and trigger languageyes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3
Triggersyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenoneseveral options for horizontal partitioning and Sharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnone infoavailable via 3rd party productsInterbase Change ViewsMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyes infonot for MyISAM storage engine
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID infonot for MyISAM storage engine
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infoFeatures a multi-generational MVCC architecture, readers do not block writersyes infoMultiversion concurreny controlyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infonot for in-memory storage engine
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infowith MEMORY storage engine
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization conceptfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
FirebirdInterbaseMariaDB
Specific characteristicsMariaDB is the most powerful open source relational database – modern SQL and JSON...
» more
Competitive advantagesMariaDB has many features unavailable in other open source relational databases....
» more
Typical application scenariosWeb, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
» more
Key customersDeutsche Bank, DBS Bank, Nasdaq, Red Hat, ServiceNow, Verizon and Walgreens Featured...
» more
Market metricsMariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
» more

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