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DBMS > Firebird vs. InterSystems Caché vs. Microsoft Azure Data Explorer vs. Nebula Graph

System Properties Comparison Firebird vs. InterSystems Caché vs. Microsoft Azure Data Explorer vs. Nebula Graph

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFirebird  Xexclude from comparisonInterSystems Caché  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Data Explorer  Xexclude from comparisonNebula Graph  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFirebird is an open source RDBMS forked from Borland's InterBaseA multi-model DBMS and application serverFully managed big data interactive analytics platformA distributed, linear scalable, high perfomant Graph DBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSKey-value store
Object oriented DBMS
Relational DBMS
Relational DBMS infocolumn orientedGraph DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store infoIf a column is of type dynamic docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­scalar-data-types/­dynamic then it's possible to add arbitrary JSON documents in this cell
Event Store infothis is the general usage pattern at Microsoft. Billing, Logs, Telemetry events are stored in ADX and the state of an individual entity is defined by the arg_max(timestamps)
Search engine infosupport for complex search expressions docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­parseoperator FTS, Geospatial docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­geo-point-to-geohash-function distributed search -> ADX acts as a distributed search engine
Time Series DBMS infosee docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­data-explorer/­time-series-analysis
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score24.94
Rank#32  Overall
#19  Relational DBMS
Score3.00
Rank#105  Overall
#19  Key-value stores
#1  Object oriented DBMS
#54  Relational DBMS
Score7.30
Rank#60  Overall
#34  Relational DBMS
Score1.08
Rank#171  Overall
#14  Graph DBMS
Websitewww.firebirdsql.orgwww.intersystems.com/­products/­cacheazure.microsoft.com/­services/­data-explorergithub.com/­vesoft-inc/­nebula
nebula-graph.io
Technical documentationwww.firebirdsql.org/­en/­reference-manualsdocs.intersystems.comdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­data-explorerdocs.nebula-graph.io
DeveloperFirebird FoundationInterSystemsMicrosoftVesoft Inc.
Initial release2000 infoAs fork of Borland's InterBase199720192019
Current release4.0.1, December 20212018.1.4, May 2020cloud service with continuous releases
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoInitial Developer's Public LicensecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0 + Common Clause 1.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC and C++C++
Server operating systemsAIX
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
server-less infoFirebird Embedded Server
Solaris
Unix
Windows
AIX
HP Open VMS
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
hostedLinux
Data schemeyesdepending on used data modelFixed schema with schema-less datatypes (dynamic)Strong typed schema
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infobool, datetime, dynamic, guid, int, long, real, string, timespan, double: docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­scalar-data-typesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyesno
Secondary indexesyesyesall fields are automatically indexedyes infoNebula Graph internally uses the Key-Value store RocksDB for persistency. The vertices, edges, and their properties are stored as Key while their values are stored as Value. The primary indexes are per Key and secondary indexes are per Value.
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyesKusto Query Language (KQL), SQL subsetSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
C/C++ API
JDBC infoJaybird
ODBC
OLE DB
.NET Client API
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Microsoft SQL Server communication protocol (MS-TDS)
RESTful HTTP API
Browser interface
console (shell)
Proprietary native API
Query language nGQL
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Lua
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
C++
Java
.Net
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PowerShell
Python
R
C++
Go
Java
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresPSQLyesYes, possible languages: KQL, Python, R
Triggersyesyesyes infosee docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­management/­updatepolicy
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenoneSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnone infoavailable via 3rd party productsSource-replica replicationyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud service. Replication either local, cross-facility or geo-redundant.Causal Clustering using Raft protocol
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesnoyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infoFeatures a multi-generational MVCC architecture, readers do not block writersyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infousing RocksDB
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization conceptAccess rights for users, groups and rolesAzure Active Directory AuthenticationRole-based access control
More information provided by the system vendor
FirebirdInterSystems CachéMicrosoft Azure Data ExplorerNebula Graph
Specific characteristicsAzure Data Explorer is a fast and highly scalable data exploration service for log...
» more
Nebula Graph is a truly distributed, linearly scalable, lightning-fast graph database,...
» more
Competitive advantagesKusto Query Language (innovative query language, optimized for high performance data...
» more
Nebula Graph boasts the world's only graph database solution that is able to host...
» more
Typical application scenariosIoT applications IoT devices generate billions of sensor readings. Normalizing and...
» more
Social networking Fraud detection Knowledge graph Data warehouse management Anti...
» more
Key customersMicrosoft, DocuSign, Taboola, Bosch, Siemens Healthineers, Bühler, Ecolab, Zoomd
» more
Currently we have some top internet companies in China implementing Nebula Graph...
» more
Market metricsAzure Data Explorer is the data service for Azure Monitor, Azure Time Series Insights,...
» more
At our very early stage, Nebula Graph has already received 3.5k stars and thousands...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsAn Azure Data Explorer cluster is a pair of engine and data management clusters which...
» more
Nebula Graph is open source and free to use under Apache 2.0 license and Common Clause...
» more

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FirebirdInterSystems CachéMicrosoft Azure Data ExplorerNebula Graph
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