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DBMS > Firebird vs. InterSystems Caché vs. Kinetica vs. Nebula Graph

System Properties Comparison Firebird vs. InterSystems Caché vs. Kinetica vs. Nebula Graph

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFirebird  Xexclude from comparisonInterSystems Caché  Xexclude from comparisonKinetica  Xexclude from comparisonNebula Graph  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFirebird is an open source RDBMS forked from Borland's InterBaseA multi-model DBMS and application serverFully vectorized database across both GPUs and CPUsA distributed, linear scalable, high perfomant Graph DBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSKey-value store
Object oriented DBMS
Relational DBMS
Relational DBMSGraph DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score24.94
Rank#32  Overall
#19  Relational DBMS
Score3.00
Rank#105  Overall
#19  Key-value stores
#1  Object oriented DBMS
#54  Relational DBMS
Score0.55
Rank#230  Overall
#110  Relational DBMS
Score1.08
Rank#171  Overall
#14  Graph DBMS
Websitewww.firebirdsql.orgwww.intersystems.com/­products/­cachewww.kinetica.comgithub.com/­vesoft-inc/­nebula
nebula-graph.io
Technical documentationwww.firebirdsql.org/­en/­reference-manualsdocs.intersystems.comwww.kinetica.com/­docsdocs.nebula-graph.io
DeveloperFirebird FoundationInterSystemsKineticaVesoft Inc.
Initial release2000 infoAs fork of Borland's InterBase199720122019
Current release4.0.1, December 20212018.1.4, May 20207.1, August 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoInitial Developer's Public LicensecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0 + Common Clause 1.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC and C++C, C++C++
Server operating systemsAIX
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
server-less infoFirebird Embedded Server
Solaris
Unix
Windows
AIX
HP Open VMS
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
LinuxLinux
Data schemeyesdepending on used data modelyesStrong typed schema
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnono
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes infoNebula Graph internally uses the Key-Value store RocksDB for persistency. The vertices, edges, and their properties are stored as Key while their values are stored as Value. The primary indexes are per Key and secondary indexes are per Value.
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyesSQL-like DML and DDL statementsSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
C/C++ API
JDBC infoJaybird
ODBC
OLE DB
.NET Client API
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Browser interface
console (shell)
Proprietary native API
Query language nGQL
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Lua
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
C++
Java
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C++
Go
Java
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresPSQLyesuser defined functions
Triggersyesyesyes infotriggers when inserted values for one or more columns fall within a specified range
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenoneShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnone infoavailable via 3rd party productsSource-replica replicationSource-replica replicationCausal Clustering using Raft protocol
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configurationImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyesyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infoFeatures a multi-generational MVCC architecture, readers do not block writersyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infousing RocksDB
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infoGPU vRAM or System RAMyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization conceptAccess rights for users, groups and rolesAccess rights for users and roles on table levelRole-based access control
More information provided by the system vendor
FirebirdInterSystems CachéKineticaNebula Graph
Specific characteristicsNative and fully vectorized database across both GPUs and CPUs, with memory first...
» more
Nebula Graph is a truly distributed, linearly scalable, lightning-fast graph database,...
» more
Competitive advantagesBest in class geospatial and temporal analytics. Lockless architecture provides real-time...
» more
Nebula Graph boasts the world's only graph database solution that is able to host...
» more
Typical application scenariosAny application requiring (1) real time insights, (2) time series analysis (3) geospatial...
» more
Social networking Fraud detection Knowledge graph Data warehouse management Anti...
» more
Key customersCitibank, US Air Force, Softbank, OVO, Telkomsel, USPS, 2 of the top 3 US Telcos,...
» more
Currently we have some top internet companies in China implementing Nebula Graph...
» more
Market metricsThe largest IoT deployment in the world, NORAD, runs on Kinetica.
» more
At our very early stage, Nebula Graph has already received 3.5k stars and thousands...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsAlways Free Tier in the Cloud, Pay-As-You-Go Consumption Based Pricing, and Portable...
» more
Nebula Graph is open source and free to use under Apache 2.0 license and Common Clause...
» more

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More resources
FirebirdInterSystems CachéKineticaNebula Graph
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