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DBMS > Firebird vs. Ingres vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Milvus

System Properties Comparison Firebird vs. Ingres vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Milvus

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFirebird  Xexclude from comparisonIngres  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonMilvus  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFirebird is an open source RDBMS forked from Borland's InterBaseWell established RDBMSMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSA DBMS designed for efficient storage of vector data and vector similarity searches
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSSearch engine
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score25.01
Rank#33  Overall
#19  Relational DBMS
Score5.75
Rank#74  Overall
#39  Relational DBMS
Score924.68
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score0.55
Rank#253  Overall
#17  Search engines
Websitewww.firebirdsql.orgwww.actian.com/­data-management/­ingres-sql-rdbmswww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-servermilvus.io
Technical documentationwww.firebirdsql.org/­en/­reference-manualsdocs.actian.com/­ingresdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-servermilvus.io/­docs/­overview.md
DeveloperFirebird FoundationActian CorporationMicrosoft
Initial release2000 infoAs fork of Borland's InterBase1974 infooriginally developed at University Berkely in early 1970s19892019
Current release4.0.2, August 202211.0, April 2017SQL Server 2019, November 20192.0, January 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoInitial Developer's Public Licensecommercialcommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC and C++CC++C++, Go
Server operating systemsAIX
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
server-less infoFirebird Embedded Server
Solaris
Unix
Windows
AIX
HP Open VMS
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
Linux
Windows
Linux
macOS info10.14 or later
Windows infowith WSL 2 enabled
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesNumeric and String
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no infobut tools for importing/exporting data from/to XML-files availableyesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyesyesno
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
C/C++ API
JDBC infoJaybird
ODBC
OLE DB
.NET Client API
JDBC
ODBC
proprietary protocol (OpenAPI)
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Lua
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresPSQLyesTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javano
Triggersyesyesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonehorizontal partitioning infoIngres Star to access multiple databases simultaneouslytables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replicationIngres Replicatoryes, but depending on the SQL-Server Edition
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyBounded Staleness
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Session Consistency
Tunable Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infoFeatures a multi-generational MVCC architecture, readers do not block writersyes infoMVCCyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization conceptfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno
More information provided by the system vendor
FirebirdIngresMicrosoft SQL ServerMilvus
Specific characteristicsMilvus is an open-source and cloud-native vector database built for production-ready...
» more
Competitive advantagesHighly available, versatile, and robust with millisecond latency. Supports batch...
» more
Typical application scenariosVideo media : video understanding, video deduplication. E-commerce and mobile applications...
» more
Key customersMilvus is trusted by over 1,000 enterprises, including Baidu, eBay, IKEA, LINE, Shopee,...
» more
Market metricsAs of March 2022, 9.8k+ GitHub stars 1.4k+ Github forks 871k+ docker pulls 2k+ community...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsMilvus was released under the open-source Apache License 2.0 in October 2019. Managed...
» more

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More resources
FirebirdIngresMicrosoft SQL ServerMilvus
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