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DBMS > Firebird vs. Infobright vs. Oracle vs. OrientDB

System Properties Comparison Firebird vs. Infobright vs. Oracle vs. OrientDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFirebird  Xexclude from comparisonInfobright  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFirebird is an open source RDBMS forked from Borland's InterBaseHigh performant column-oriented DBMS for analytic workloads using MySQL or PostgreSQL as a frontendWidely used RDBMSMulti-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Spatial DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score24.00
Rank#33  Overall
#19  Relational DBMS
Score1.07
Rank#177  Overall
#84  Relational DBMS
Score1238.25
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score4.81
Rank#81  Overall
#15  Document stores
#5  Graph DBMS
#13  Key-value stores
Websitewww.firebirdsql.orgignitetech.com/­softwarelibrary/­infobrightdbwww.oracle.com/­databaseorientdb.org
Technical documentationwww.firebirdsql.org/­en/­reference-manualsdocs.oracle.com/­en/­databasewww.orientdb.com/­docs/­last/­index.html
DeveloperFirebird FoundationIgnite Technologies Inc.; formerly InfoBright Inc.OracleOrientDB LTD; CallidusCloud; SAP
Initial release2000 infoAs fork of Borland's InterBase200519802010
Current release4.0.2, August 202219c, February 20193.1.9, February 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoInitial Developer's Public Licensecommercial infoThe open source (GPLv2) version did not support inserts/updates/deletes and was discontinued with July 2016commercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoApache version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC and C++CC and C++Java
Server operating systemsAIX
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
server-less infoFirebird Embedded Server
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Linux
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
All OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)
Data schemeyesyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesno
Secondary indexesyesno infoKnowledge Grid Technology used insteadyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyesyes infowith proprietary extensionsSQL-like query language, no joins
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
C/C++ API
JDBC infoJaybird
ODBC
OLE DB
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Lua
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresPSQLnoPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possibleJava, Javascript
TriggersyesnoyesHooks
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenoneSharding, horizontal partitioningSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnone infoavailable via 3rd party productsSource-replica replicationMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono infocan be realized in PL/SQLno infocould be achieved with distributed queries
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyesyes inforelationship in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID infoisolation level can be parameterizedACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infoFeatures a multi-generational MVCC architecture, readers do not block writersyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization conceptfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard infoexploiting MySQL or PostgreSQL frontend capabilitiesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and roles; record level security configurable

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More resources
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