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DBMS > Firebird vs. GridDB vs. Realm vs. TimescaleDB

System Properties Comparison Firebird vs. GridDB vs. Realm vs. TimescaleDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFirebird  Xexclude from comparisonGridDB  Xexclude from comparisonRealm  Xexclude from comparisonTimescaleDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFirebird is an open source RDBMS forked from Borland's InterBaseScalable in-memory time series database optimized for IoT and Big DataA DBMS built for use on mobile devices that’s a fast, easy to use alternative to SQLite and Core DataA time series DBMS optimized for fast ingest and complex queries, based on PostgreSQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMSTime Series DBMSDocument storeTime Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsKey-value store
Relational DBMS
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score24.83
Rank#31  Overall
#17  Relational DBMS
Score1.34
Rank#147  Overall
#10  Time Series DBMS
Score9.51
Rank#50  Overall
#8  Document stores
Score3.72
Rank#89  Overall
#5  Time Series DBMS
Websitewww.firebirdsql.orggriddb.netrealm.iowww.timescale.com
Technical documentationwww.firebirdsql.org/­en/­reference-manualsdocs.griddb.netrealm.io/­docsdocs.timescale.com
DeveloperFirebird FoundationToshiba CorporationRealm, acquired by MongoDB in May 2019Timescale
Initial release2000 infoAs fork of Borland's InterBase201320142017
Current release4.0, June 20214.6, February 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoInitial Developer's Public LicenseOpen Source infoAGPL version 3 and Apache License, version 2.0 , commercial license (standard and advanced editions) also availableOpen SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC and C++C++C
Server operating systemsAIX
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
server-less infoFirebird Embedded Server
Solaris
Unix
Windows
LinuxAndroid
Backend: server-less
iOS
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infonumerical, string, blob, geometry, boolean, timestampyesnumerics, strings, booleans, arrays, JSON blobs, geospatial dimensions, currencies, binary data, other complex data types
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesSQL92, SQL-like TQL (Toshiba Query Language)noyes infofull PostgreSQL SQL syntax
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
C/C++ API
JDBC infoJaybird
ODBC
OLE DB
Proprietary protocolADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Lua
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
Java infowith Android only
Objective-C
React Native
Swift
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresPSQLnono inforuns within the applications so server-side scripts are unnecessaryuser defined functions, PL/pgSQL, PL/Tcl, PL/Perl, PL/Python, PL/Java, PL/PHP, PL/R, PL/Ruby, PL/Scheme, PL/Unix shell
Triggersyesyesyes infoChange Listenersyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingnoneyes, across time and space (hash partitioning) attributes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnone infoavailable via 3rd party productsSource-replica replicationnoneSource-replica replication with hot standby and reads on replicas info
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoConnector for using GridDB as an input source and output destination for Hadoop MapReduce jobsnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate consistency within container, eventual consistency across containersImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID at container levelACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infoFeatures a multi-generational MVCC architecture, readers do not block writersyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infoIn-Memory realmno
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization conceptAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseyesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
FirebirdGridDBRealmTimescaleDB
Specific characteristicsGridDB is a highly scalable, in-memory time series database optimized for IoT and...
» more
Now a part of MongoDB Data Platform , Realm Database is the fast, easy to use, and...
» more
Timescale is the creator of TimescaleDB , the first open-source relational database...
» more
Competitive advantages1. Optimized for IoT Equipped with Toshiba's proprietary key-container data model...
» more
Realm ensures offline-first functionality, meaning apps run smoothly and deliver...
» more
TimescaleDB is purpose-built to scale and handle time-series data workloads and is...
» more
Typical application scenariosFactory IoT, Automative Industry, Energy, BEMS, Smart Community, Monitoring system.
» more
Mobile Consumer Apps First-Line Worker Apps
» more
DevOps and Infrastructure Monitoring All monitoring data is time-series data. Efficiently...
» more
Key customersDenso International [see use case ] An Electric Power company [see use case ] Ishinomaki...
» more
Cathay Pacific Royal Carribbean Cruise Lines Open Source Database powers apps built...
» more
TransferWise, Maersk, AppDynamics, Walmart, Comcast, LaunchDarkly, IBM, NOV, Cisco,...
» more
Market metricsGitHub trending repository
» more
Used by 100,000+ developers 2 bn installs Currently used in 40k+ applications in...
» more
With over 9,000 GitHub stars and growing, 600,000 active databases, and an active...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen Source license (AGPL v3 & Apache v2) Commercial license (subscription)
» more
Realm database is licensed under the Apache License v2.0.
» more
TimescaleDB comes in 3 versions, including fully managed Cloud-hosted solutions*,...
» more

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More resources
FirebirdGridDBRealmTimescaleDB
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