DB-EnginesExtremeDB: the mission critical dbmsEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Firebird vs. GridDB vs. Machbase vs. Neo4j

System Properties Comparison Firebird vs. GridDB vs. Machbase vs. Neo4j

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFirebird  Xexclude from comparisonGridDB  Xexclude from comparisonMachbase infoFormer name was Infiniflux  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFirebird is an open source RDBMS forked from Borland's InterBaseScalable in-memory time series database optimized for IoT and Big DataTimeSeries DBMS for AIoT and BigDataScalable, ACID-compliant graph database designed with a high-performance distributed cluster architecture, available in self-hosted and cloud offerings
Primary database modelRelational DBMSTime Series DBMSTime Series DBMSGraph DBMS
Secondary database modelsKey-value store
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score24.94
Rank#32  Overall
#19  Relational DBMS
Score1.25
Rank#157  Overall
#12  Time Series DBMS
Score0.00
Rank#353  Overall
#31  Time Series DBMS
Score59.35
Rank#19  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Websitewww.firebirdsql.orggriddb.netwww.machbase.comneo4j.com
Technical documentationwww.firebirdsql.org/­en/­reference-manualsdocs.griddb.netmachbase.atlassian.net/­wiki/­spaces/­MAN/­overviewneo4j.com/­docs
DeveloperFirebird FoundationToshiba CorporationMachbaseNeo4j, Inc.
Initial release2000 infoAs fork of Borland's InterBase201320132007
Current release4.0.1, December 20214.6, February 2021V6.5, August 20214.4.9, July 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoInitial Developer's Public LicenseOpen Source infoAGPL version 3 and Apache License, version 2.0 , commercial license (standard and advanced editions) also availablecommercial infofree test version availableOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Neo4j Aura: Neo4j’s fully managed cloud service: The zero-admin, always-on graph database for cloud developers.
Implementation languageC and C++C++CJava, Scala
Server operating systemsAIX
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
server-less infoFirebird Embedded Server
Solaris
Unix
Windows
LinuxLinux
Windows
Linux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyesschema-free and schema-optional
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infonumerical, string, blob, geometry, boolean, timestampyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Lucene
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesSQL92, SQL-like TQL (Toshiba Query Language)SQL-like query languageno
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
C/C++ API
JDBC infoJaybird
ODBC
OLE DB
Proprietary protocolHTTP REST
JDBC
ODBC
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Lua
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript
PHP infovia ODBC
Python
R infovia ODBC
Scala
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresPSQLnonoyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functions
Triggersyesyesnoyes infovia event handler
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingShardingyes using Neo4j Fabric
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnone infoavailable via 3rd party productsSource-replica replicationselectable replication factorCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version only
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoConnector for using GridDB as an input source and output destination for Hadoop MapReduce jobsnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate consistency within container, eventual consistency across containersCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnonoyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID at container levelnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infoFeatures a multi-generational MVCC architecture, readers do not block writersyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesnoyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infovolatile and lookup table
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization conceptAccess rights for users can be defined per databasesimple password-based access controlUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)
More information provided by the system vendor
FirebirdGridDBMachbase infoFormer name was InfinifluxNeo4j
Specific characteristicsGridDB is a highly scalable, in-memory time series database optimized for IoT and...
» more
Neo4j delivers graph technology that has been battle tested for performance and scale...
» more
Competitive advantages1. Optimized for IoT Equipped with Toshiba's proprietary key-container data model...
» more
Neo4j is the market leader, graph database category creator, and the most widely...
» more
Typical application scenariosFactory IoT, Automative Industry, Energy, BEMS, Smart Community, Monitoring system.
» more
Real-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersDenso International [see use case ] An Electric Power company [see use case ] Ishinomaki...
» more
Over 800 commercial customers and over 4300 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsGitHub trending repository
» more
Neo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than 140 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen Source license (AGPL v3 & Apache v2) Commercial license (subscription)
» more
GPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

Neo4j Graph Framework and Project Assessment
11 August 2022

How Graphs Power OpenSanctions: The 5-Minute Interview with Friedrich Lindenberg
10 August 2022

From Collected Data to Connected Data: How Knowledge Graphs Are Changing the World
5 August 2022

Empowering Employees With Graph Technology
1 August 2022

This Week in Neo4j: Graph Data Science, Microservices, Java, Chatbot, PHP, Spring Data, and More
30 July 2022

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesGraphable delivers expert services for Neo4j and other Graph DBMS.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
FirebirdGridDBMachbase infoFormer name was InfinifluxNeo4j
DB-Engines blog posts

Applying Graph Analytics to Game of Thrones
12 June 2019, Amy Hodler & Mark Needham, Neo4j (guest author)

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

The openCypher Project: Help Shape the SQL for Graphs
22 December 2015, Emil Eifrem (guest author)

show all

Recent citations in the news

How to deploy the Adminer database admin tool on Ubuntu Server 22.04
11 August 2022, TechRepublic

Database Software Market Size and Share 2022,Global Industry Analysis by Trends, Future Demands, Emerging Technologies, Demand by Regions, Types and Analysis of Key Players- Research Forecasts To 2026
28 July 2022, Digital Journal

Nashville area Class 4A high school football preview, hot takes, top games for 2022
11 August 2022, Tennessean

How to set up a MySQL database in Linux
25 April 2022, TechTarget

Gramophone Editor's Choice: September 2022 | The best new classical recordings
8 August 2022, Gramophone

provided by Google News

Toshiba launches cloudy managed IoT database service running its own GridDB
8 April 2021, The Register

provided by Google News

The origin of Neo4j
8 August 2022, Analytics India Magazine

Neo4j hosts India's first-ever GraphSummit in Bangalore
28 July 2022, CXOToday.com

The Power of Connected Data for a Smart Nation: Chandra Rangan, CMO, Neo4j
5 August 2022, OpenGov Asia

Announcing Neo4j GraphSummit 2022
23 June 2022, PR Newswire

Genomic potential
11 August 2022, Scientific Computing World

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Database Support Engineer - Mining
Canary Systems, Inc., Tucson, AZ

Mining Support Engineer - Nevada
Canary Systems, Inc., Elko, NV

Data Scientist
Factory Motor Parts, Eagan, MN

Data Engineer
Factory Motor Parts, Eagan, MN

Data Engineer
Factory Motor Parts Company, Eagan, MN

Neo4j Developer (Remote)
CALIBRE Systems, Inc., Alexandria, VA

Middleware Administrator
University of Colorado, Denver, CO

Web Developer
National Journal, Washington, DC

BPMN Camunda Developer (REMOTE!!)
MITSIX, Remote

Application Developer
KBR, Wright-Patterson AFB, OH

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

Redis logo

The world’s most loved real‑time data platform.
Try free

Neo4j logo

The right graph database.
Not a graph add-on.
Free forever.
Start solving today

The definitive guide for Cassandra

Imagine What You Could Do if Scalability Wasn‘t a Problem!
Download the Cassandra e-book for free!

Vertica logo

Vertica Accelerator. The fastest analytics and machine learning, delivered as SaaS, with automated setup, administration, and management. Free trial.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Present your product here