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DBMS > Firebird vs. Google Cloud Firestore vs. Microsoft SQL Server

System Properties Comparison Firebird vs. Google Cloud Firestore vs. Microsoft SQL Server

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFirebird  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Firestore  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFirebird is an open source RDBMS forked from Borland's InterBaseCloud Firestore is an auto-scaling document database for storing, syncing, and querying data for mobile and web apps. It offers seamless integration with other Firebase and Google Cloud Platform products.Microsofts flagship relational DBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score20.50
Rank#30  Overall
#18  Relational DBMS
Score7.36
Rank#53  Overall
#9  Document stores
Score821.56
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.firebirdsql.orgfirebase.google.com/­products/­firestorewww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-server
Technical documentationwww.firebirdsql.org/­en/­reference-manualsfirebase.google.com/­docs/­firestorelearn.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-server
DeveloperFirebird FoundationGoogleMicrosoft
Initial release2000 infoAs fork of Borland's InterBase20171989
Current release5.0.0, January 2024SQL Server 2022, November 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoInitial Developer's Public Licensecommercialcommercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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SQLServer Flex @ STACKIT offers a managed version of SQL Server with adjustable CPU, RAM, storage amount and speed, in enterprise grade to perfectly match all application requirements. All services are 100% GDPR-compliant.
Implementation languageC and C++C++
Server operating systemsAIX
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
server-less infoFirebird Embedded Server
Solaris
Unix
Windows
hostedLinux
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesnoyes
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
C/C++ API
JDBC infoJaybird
ODBC
OLE DB
Android
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Lua
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Go
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
Python
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresPSQLyes, Firebase Rules & Cloud FunctionsTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Java
Triggersyesyes, with Cloud Functionsyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingtables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federation
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replicationMulti-source replicationyes, but depending on the SQL-Server Edition
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoUsing Cloud Dataflowno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDyesACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infoFeatures a multi-generational MVCC architecture, readers do not block writersyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization conceptAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management. Security Rules for 3rd party authentication using Firebase Auth.fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
FirebirdGoogle Cloud FirestoreMicrosoft SQL Server
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