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DBMS > Firebird vs. Google BigQuery vs. Oracle vs. SAP HANA

System Properties Comparison Firebird vs. Google BigQuery vs. Oracle vs. SAP HANA

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFirebird  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle BigQuery  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparisonSAP HANA  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFirebird is an open source RDBMS forked from Borland's InterBaseLarge scale data warehouse service with append-only tablesWidely used RDBMSIn-memory, column based data store. Available as appliance or cloud service
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Spatial DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith SAP Hana, Enterprise Edition
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score26.03
Rank#30  Overall
#17  Relational DBMS
Score43.79
Rank#25  Overall
#16  Relational DBMS
Score1270.35
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score55.28
Rank#20  Overall
#13  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.firebirdsql.orgcloud.google.com/­bigquerywww.oracle.com/­databasewww.sap.com/­products/­hana.html
Technical documentationwww.firebirdsql.org/­en/­reference-manualscloud.google.com/­bigquery/­docsdocs.oracle.com/­en/­databasehelp.sap.com/­hana
DeveloperFirebird FoundationGoogleOracleSAP
Initial release2000 infoAs fork of Borland's InterBase201019802010
Current release4.0, June 202119c, February 20192.0 SPS05 (June 26, 2020), June 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoInitial Developer's Public Licensecommercialcommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnono infoalso available as a cloud based service
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC and C++C and C++
Server operating systemsAIX
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
server-less infoFirebird Embedded Server
Solaris
Unix
Windows
hostedAIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Appliance or cloud-service
Data schemeyesyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesno
Secondary indexesyesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyesyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
C/C++ API
JDBC infoJaybird
ODBC
OLE DB
RESTful HTTP/JSON APIJDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Lua
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
PHP
Python
Ruby
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresPSQLuser defined functions infoin JavaScriptPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possibleSQLScript, R
Triggersyesnoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenoneSharding, horizontal partitioningyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnone infoavailable via 3rd party productsMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono infocan be realized in PL/SQLno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDno infoSince BigQuery is designed for querying dataACID infoisolation level can be parameterizedACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infoFeatures a multi-generational MVCC architecture, readers do not block writersyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'yes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization conceptAccess privileges (owner, writer, reader) on dataset, table or view level infoGoogle Cloud Identity & Access Management (IAM)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes

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FirebirdGoogle BigQueryOracleSAP HANA
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