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DBMS > Firebird vs. GBase vs. H2 vs. TimescaleDB

System Properties Comparison Firebird vs. GBase vs. H2 vs. TimescaleDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFirebird  Xexclude from comparisonGBase  Xexclude from comparisonH2  Xexclude from comparisonTimescaleDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFirebird is an open source RDBMS forked from Borland's InterBaseAn analytical database for business intelligence with large customers in China.Full-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.A time series DBMS optimized for fast ingest and complex queries, based on PostgreSQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSTime Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score27.28
Rank#30  Overall
#17  Relational DBMS
Score1.17
Rank#161  Overall
#78  Relational DBMS
Score9.99
Rank#47  Overall
#30  Relational DBMS
Score4.22
Rank#82  Overall
#5  Time Series DBMS
Websitewww.firebirdsql.orgwww.gbase8a.comwww.h2database.comwww.timescale.com
Technical documentationwww.firebirdsql.org/­en/­reference-manualswww.h2database.com/­html/­main.htmldocs.timescale.com
DeveloperFirebird FoundationThomas MuellerTimescale
Initial release2000 infoAs fork of Borland's InterBase20052017
Current release4.0, June 2021GBase 8a2.0.204, December 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoInitial Developer's Public LicensecommercialOpen Source infodual-licence (Mozilla public license, Eclipse public license)Open Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC and C++JavaC
Server operating systemsAIX
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
server-less infoFirebird Embedded Server
Solaris
Unix
Windows
All OS with a Java VMLinux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesnumerics, strings, booleans, arrays, JSON blobs, geospatial dimensions, currencies, binary data, other complex data types
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyesyes infofull PostgreSQL SQL syntax
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
C/C++ API
JDBC infoJaybird
ODBC
OLE DB
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Lua
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Java.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresPSQLJava Stored Procedures and User-Defined Functionsuser defined functions, PL/pgSQL, PL/Tcl, PL/Perl, PL/Python, PL/Java, PL/PHP, PL/R, PL/Ruby, PL/Scheme, PL/Unix shell
Triggersyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenoneyes, across time and space (hash partitioning) attributes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnone infoavailable via 3rd party productsWith clustering: 2 database servers on different computers operate on identical copies of a databaseSource-replica replication with hot standby and reads on replicas info
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infoFeatures a multi-generational MVCC architecture, readers do not block writersyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization conceptfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
FirebirdGBaseH2TimescaleDB
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