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DBMS > Firebird vs. GBase vs. Google Cloud Spanner vs. GridDB vs. TimescaleDB

System Properties Comparison Firebird vs. GBase vs. Google Cloud Spanner vs. GridDB vs. TimescaleDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFirebird  Xexclude from comparisonGBase  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparisonGridDB  Xexclude from comparisonTimescaleDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFirebird is an open source RDBMS forked from Borland's InterBaseAn analytical database for business intelligence with large customers in China.A horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.Scalable in-memory time series database optimized for IoT and Big DataA time series DBMS optimized for fast ingest and complex queries, based on PostgreSQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSTime Series DBMSTime Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsKey-value store
Relational DBMS
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score26.90
Rank#30  Overall
#17  Relational DBMS
Score1.04
Rank#170  Overall
#85  Relational DBMS
Score3.55
Rank#94  Overall
#50  Relational DBMS
Score1.28
Rank#155  Overall
#10  Time Series DBMS
Score4.33
Rank#84  Overall
#5  Time Series DBMS
Websitewww.firebirdsql.orgwww.gbase8a.comcloud.google.com/­spannergriddb.netwww.timescale.com
Technical documentationwww.firebirdsql.org/­en/­reference-manualscloud.google.com/­spanner/­docsdocs.griddb.netdocs.timescale.com
DeveloperFirebird FoundationGoogleToshiba CorporationTimescale
Initial release2000 infoAs fork of Borland's InterBase201720132017
Current release4.0, June 2021GBase 8a4.6, February 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoInitial Developer's Public LicensecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoAGPL version 3 and Apache License, version 2.0 , commercial license (standard and advanced editions) also availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC and C++C++C
Server operating systemsAIX
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
server-less infoFirebird Embedded Server
Solaris
Unix
Windows
hostedLinuxLinux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infonumerical, string, blob, geometry, boolean, timestampnumerics, strings, booleans, arrays, JSON blobs, geospatial dimensions, currencies, binary data, other complex data types
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011SQL92, SQL-like TQL (Toshiba Query Language)yes infofull PostgreSQL SQL syntax
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
C/C++ API
JDBC infoJaybird
ODBC
OLE DB
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
Proprietary protocolADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Lua
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresPSQLnonouser defined functions, PL/pgSQL, PL/Tcl, PL/Perl, PL/Python, PL/Java, PL/PHP, PL/R, PL/Ruby, PL/Scheme, PL/Unix shell
Triggersyesnoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingShardingyes, across time and space (hash partitioning) attributes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnone infoavailable via 3rd party productsMulti-source replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.Source-replica replicationSource-replica replication with hot standby and reads on replicas info
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infousing Google Cloud DataflowConnector for using GridDB as an input source and output destination for Hadoop MapReduce jobsno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate consistency within container, eventual consistency across containersImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integritynoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infoStrict serializable isolationACID at container levelACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infoFeatures a multi-generational MVCC architecture, readers do not block writersyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization conceptAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)Access rights for users can be defined per databasefine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
FirebirdGBaseGoogle Cloud SpannerGridDBTimescaleDB
Specific characteristicsGridDB is a highly scalable, in-memory time series database optimized for IoT and...
» more
Competitive advantages1. Optimized for IoT Equipped with Toshiba's proprietary key-container data model...
» more
Typical application scenariosFactory IoT, Automative Industry, Energy, BEMS, Smart Community, Monitoring system.
» more
Key customersDenso International [see use case ] An Electric Power company [see use case ] Ishinomaki...
» more
Market metricsGitHub trending repository
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen Source license (AGPL v3 & Apache v2) Commercial license (subscription)
» more

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
FirebirdGBaseGoogle Cloud SpannerGridDBTimescaleDB
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