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DBMS > Firebase Realtime Database vs. SurrealDB vs. TinkerGraph

System Properties Comparison Firebase Realtime Database vs. SurrealDB vs. TinkerGraph

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonSurrealDB  Xexclude from comparisonTinkerGraph  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.A fully ACID transactional, developer-friendly, multi-model DBMSA lightweight, in-memory graph engine that serves as a reference implementation of the TinkerPop3 API
Primary database modelDocument storeDocument store
Graph DBMS
Graph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score15.00
Rank#39  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score0.91
Rank#204  Overall
#33  Document stores
#18  Graph DBMS
Score0.12
Rank#344  Overall
#34  Graph DBMS
Websitefirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databasesurrealdb.comtinkerpop.apache.org/­docs/­current/­reference/­#tinkergraph-gremlin
Technical documentationfirebase.google.com/­docs/­databasesurrealdb.com/­docs
DeveloperGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014SurrealDB Ltd
Initial release201220222009
Current releasev1.1.1, January 2024
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageRustJava
Server operating systemshostedLinux
macOS
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like query languageno
APIs and other access methodsAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
GraphQL
RESTful HTTP API
WebSocket
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languagesJava
JavaScript
Objective-C
Deno
Go
JavaScript (Node.js)
Rust
Groovy
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored procedureslimited functionality with using 'rules'no
TriggersCallbacks are triggered when data changesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
none
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datayesACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesno
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesoptional
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes
User concepts infoAccess controlyes, based on authentication and database rulesyes, based on authentication and database rulesno

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More resources
Firebase Realtime DatabaseSurrealDBTinkerGraph
DB-Engines blog posts

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Realtime vs Cloud Firestore: Which Firebase Database to go?
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