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DBMS > Firebase Realtime Database vs. Solr

System Properties Comparison Firebase Realtime Database vs. Solr

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Our visitors often compare Firebase Realtime Database and Solr with MongoDB, Redis and Elasticsearch.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonSolr  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.A widely used distributed, scalable search engine based on Apache Lucene
Primary database modelDocument storeSearch engine
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score18.92
Rank#39  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score57.26
Rank#20  Overall
#3  Search engines
Websitefirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databaselucene.apache.org/­solr
Technical documentationfirebase.google.com/­docs/­databaselucene.apache.org/­solr/­resources.html
DeveloperGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014Apache Software Foundation
Initial release20122006
Current release9.0.0, May 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJava
Server operating systemshostedAll OS with a Java VM inforuns as a servlet in servlet container (e.g. Tomcat, Jetty is included)
Data schemeschema-freeyes infoDynamic Fields enables on-the-fly addition of new fields
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infosupports customizable data types and automatic typing
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes
Secondary indexesyesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexed
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSolr Parallel SQL Interface
APIs and other access methodsAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesJava
JavaScript
Objective-C
.Net
Erlang
Java
JavaScript
any language that supports sockets and either XML or JSON
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored procedureslimited functionality with using 'rules'Java plugins
TriggersCallbacks are triggered when data changesyes infoUser configurable commands triggered on index changes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnospark-solr: github.com/­lucidworks/­spark-solr and streaming expressions to reduce
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Eventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datayesoptimistic locking
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes
User concepts infoAccess controlyes, based on authentication and database rulesyes

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More resources
Firebase Realtime DatabaseSolr
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Recent citations in the news

Supabase raises $80M Series B for its open source Firebase alternative
10 May 2022, TechCrunch

Google's Firebase app development platform gets updates and security boosts
11 May 2022, SiliconANGLE News

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19 January 2022, ETFdb.com

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