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DBMS > Firebase Realtime Database vs. RethinkDB vs. Snowflake vs. YugabyteDB

System Properties Comparison Firebase Realtime Database vs. RethinkDB vs. Snowflake vs. YugabyteDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonRethinkDB  Xexclude from comparisonSnowflake  Xexclude from comparisonYugabyteDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.DBMS for the Web with a mechanism to push updated query results to applications in realtime.Cloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured dataHigh-performance distributed SQL database for global, internet-scale applications. Wire and feature compatible with PostgreSQL.
Primary database modelDocument storeDocument storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSDocument store
Wide column store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score18.80
Rank#38  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score3.38
Rank#98  Overall
#19  Document stores
Score103.12
Rank#13  Overall
#9  Relational DBMS
Score3.52
Rank#97  Overall
#51  Relational DBMS
Websitefirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databaserethinkdb.comwww.snowflake.comwww.yugabyte.com
Technical documentationfirebase.google.com/­docs/­databaserethinkdb.com/­docsdocs.snowflake.net/­manuals/­index.htmldocs.yugabyte.com
github.com/­yugabyte/­yugabyte-db
DeveloperGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014The Linux Foundation infosince July 2017Snowflake Computing Inc.Yugabyte Inc.
Initial release2012200920142017
Current release2.4.1, August 20202.6, August 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2commercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Yugabyte Cloud is the fully managed database-as-a-service offering of YugabyteDB. Get started quickly, and effortlessly ensure continuous availability and limitless scale of your cloud native applications.
Implementation languageC++C and C++
Server operating systemshostedLinux
OS X
Windows
hostedLinux
OS X
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyes infosupport of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)depending on used data model
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infostring, binary, float, bool, date, geometryyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoyesyes, PostgreSQL compatible
APIs and other access methodsAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
CLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
YCQL, an SQL-based flexible-schema API with its roots in Cassandra Query Language
YSQL - a fully relational SQL API that is wire compatible with the SQL language in PostgreSQL
Supported programming languagesJava
JavaScript
Objective-C
C infocommunity-supported driver
C# infocommunity-supported driver
C++ infocommunity-supported driver
Clojure infocommunity-supported driver
Dart infocommunity-supported driver
Erlang infocommunity-supported driver
Go infocommunity-supported driver
Haskell infocommunity-supported driver
Java infoofficial driver
JavaScript (Node.js) infoofficial driver
Lisp infocommunity-supported driver
Lua infocommunity-supported driver
Objective-C infocommunity-supported driver
Perl infocommunity-supported driver
PHP infocommunity-supported driver
Python infoofficial driver
Ruby infoofficial driver
Scala infocommunity-supported driver
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored procedureslimited functionality with using 'rules'user defined functionsyes infosql, plpgsql, C
TriggersCallbacks are triggered when data changesClient-side triggers through changefeedsno infosimilar concept for controling cloud resourcesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding inforange basedyesHash and Range Sharding, row-level geo-partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replicationyesBased on Raft distributed consensus protocol, minimum 3 replicas for continuous availability
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyStrong consistency on writes and tunable consistency on reads
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datayesAtomic single-document operationsACIDDistributed ACID with Serializable & Snapshot Isolation. Inspired by Google Spanner architecture.
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infoMVCC basedyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infobased on RocksDB
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonono
User concepts infoAccess controlyes, based on authentication and database rulesyes infousers and table-level permissionsUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authenticationyes
More information provided by the system vendor
Firebase Realtime DatabaseRethinkDBSnowflakeYugabyteDB
Specific characteristicsYugabyteDB is an open source distributed SQL database for cloud native transactional...
» more
Competitive advantagesPostgreSQL compatible: Get instantly productive with a PostgreSQL compatible RDBMS....
» more
Typical application scenariosSystems of record and engagement for cloud native applications that require resilience,...
» more
Market metrics900,000+ lifetime clusters deployed 5.5K+ GitHub stars 4.3K+ YugabyteDB Community...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache 2.0 license for the database
» more

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More resources
Firebase Realtime DatabaseRethinkDBSnowflakeYugabyteDB
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