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DBMS > Firebase Realtime Database vs. RethinkDB vs. SQLite

System Properties Comparison Firebase Realtime Database vs. RethinkDB vs. SQLite

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonRethinkDB  Xexclude from comparisonSQLite  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.DBMS for the Web with a mechanism to push updated query results to applications in realtime.Widely used embeddable, in-process RDBMS
Primary database modelDocument storeDocument storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score13.87
Rank#39  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score2.53
Rank#106  Overall
#20  Document stores
Score109.95
Rank#10  Overall
#7  Relational DBMS
Websitefirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databaserethinkdb.comwww.sqlite.org
Technical documentationfirebase.google.com/­docs/­databaserethinkdb.com/­docswww.sqlite.org/­docs.html
DeveloperGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014The Linux Foundation infosince July 2017Dwayne Richard Hipp
Initial release201220092000
Current release2.4.1, August 20203.46.0  (23 May 2024), May 2024
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoPublic Domain
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++C
Server operating systemshostedLinux
OS X
Windows
server-less
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyes infodynamic column types
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infostring, binary, float, bool, date, geometryyes infonot rigid because of 'dynamic typing' concept.
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoyes infoSQL-92 is not fully supported
APIs and other access methodsAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET infoinofficial driver
JDBC infoinofficial driver
ODBC infoinofficial driver
Supported programming languagesJava
JavaScript
Objective-C
C infocommunity-supported driver
C# infocommunity-supported driver
C++ infocommunity-supported driver
Clojure infocommunity-supported driver
Dart infocommunity-supported driver
Erlang infocommunity-supported driver
Go infocommunity-supported driver
Haskell infocommunity-supported driver
Java infoofficial driver
JavaScript (Node.js) infoofficial driver
Lisp infocommunity-supported driver
Lua infocommunity-supported driver
Objective-C infocommunity-supported driver
Perl infocommunity-supported driver
PHP infocommunity-supported driver
Python infoofficial driver
Ruby infoofficial driver
Scala infocommunity-supported driver
Actionscript
Ada
Basic
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Forth
Fortran
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored procedureslimited functionality with using 'rules'no
TriggersCallbacks are triggered when data changesClient-side triggers through changefeedsyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding inforange basednone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replicationnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datayesAtomic single-document operationsACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infoMVCC basedyes infovia file-system locks
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlyes, based on authentication and database rulesyes infousers and table-level permissionsno

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Related products and services
3rd partiesNavicat for SQLite is a powerful and comprehensive SQLite GUI that provides a complete set of functions for database management and development.
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More resources
Firebase Realtime DatabaseRethinkDBSQLite
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