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DBMS > Firebase Realtime Database vs. Redis vs. XAP

System Properties Comparison Firebase Realtime Database vs. Redis vs. XAP

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonRedis  Xexclude from comparisonXAP  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.In-memory data structure store, used as database, cache and message broker infoRedis focuses on performance so most of its design decisions prioritize high performance and very low latencies.High performant in-memory data grid for mission critical applications. Insight Edge from the same company extends XAP for AI/ML support, BI and other interfaces
Primary database modelDocument storeKey-value store infoMultiple data types and a rich set of operations, as well as configurable data expiration, eviction and persistenceDocument store
Key-value store infoValues are user defined objects
Secondary database modelsDocument store infowith Redis Modules
Graph DBMS infowith Redis Modules
Search engine infowith Redis Modules
Time Series DBMS infowith Redis Modules
Object oriented DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score15.31
Rank#37  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score152.87
Rank#7  Overall
#1  Key-value stores
Score0.95
Rank#169  Overall
#25  Document stores
#32  Key-value stores
Websitefirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databaseredis.iowww.gigaspaces.com/­products/­xap
Technical documentationfirebase.google.com/­docs/­databaseredis.io/­documentationdocs.gigaspaces.com/­latest/­landing.html
DeveloperGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014Salvatore Sanfilippo infoDevelopment sponsored by Redis LabsGigaspaces Technologies
Initial release201220092000
Current release6.0.6, July 202014.5.0, June 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoBSD 3-Clause, commercial license availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Commercial licenses available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ScaleGrid for Redis: Fully managed hosting for Redis on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageCJava, C++, .Net
Server operating systemshostedBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows infoported and maintained by Microsoft Open Technologies, Inc.
Linux
macOS
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyespartial infoSupported data types are strings, hashes, lists, sets and sorted sets, bit arrays, hyperloglogs and geospatial indexesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono infoXML can be used for describing objects metadata
Secondary indexesyesyes infowith RediSearch moduleyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoSQL-like query language and DML statements
APIs and other access methodsAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
proprietary protocol infoRESP - REdis Serialization ProtocolGigaSpaces LRMI
Hibernate
JCache
JDBC
JPA
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data
Supported programming languagesJava
JavaScript
Objective-C
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Crystal
D
Dart
Elixir
Erlang
Fancy
Go
Haskell
Haxe
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Pascal
Perl
PHP
Prolog
Pure Data
Python
R
Rebol
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Swift
Tcl
Visual Basic
.Net
C++
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored procedureslimited functionality with using 'rules'Luayes
TriggersCallbacks are triggered when data changesnoyes infoEvent Listeners
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infoHash based
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication infowith Redis Enterprise Pack
Source-replica replication infoChained replication is supported
Multi-source replication infosynchronous or asynchronous
Source-replica replication infosynchronous or asynchronous
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes infoMap-Reduce pattern can be built with XAP task executors
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Eventual Consistency
Strong eventual consistency with CRDTs
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable: ALL, QUORUM, ANY
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datayesOptimistic locking, atomic execution of commands blocks and scriptsACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infoData access is serialized by the serveryes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infoConfigurable mechanisms for persistency via snapshots and/or operations logsyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlyes, based on authentication and database rulesSimple password-based access control infoAccess control lists and SSL are available in the commercial versionRole-based access control

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3rd partiesCData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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Datadog: Monitor all Redis metrics: hit rates, clients, commands per second, and more.
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More resources
Firebase Realtime DatabaseRedisXAP
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