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DBMS > Firebase Realtime Database vs. Redis vs. RethinkDB

System Properties Comparison Firebase Realtime Database vs. Redis vs. RethinkDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonRedis  Xexclude from comparisonRethinkDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.In-memory data structure store, used as database, cache and message broker infoRedis focuses on performance so most of its design decisions prioritize high performance and very low latencies.DBMS for the Web with a mechanism to push updated query results to applications in realtime.
Primary database modelDocument storeKey-value store infoMultiple data types and a rich set of operations, as well as configurable data expiration, eviction and persistenceDocument store
Secondary database modelsDocument store infowith Redis Modules
Graph DBMS infowith Redis Modules
Search engine infowith Redis Modules
Time Series DBMS infowith Redis Modules
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score15.31
Rank#37  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score152.87
Rank#7  Overall
#1  Key-value stores
Score4.02
Rank#81  Overall
#14  Document stores
Websitefirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databaseredis.iorethinkdb.com
Technical documentationfirebase.google.com/­docs/­databaseredis.io/­documentationrethinkdb.com/­docs
DeveloperGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014Salvatore Sanfilippo infoDevelopment sponsored by Redis LabsThe Linux Foundation infosince July 2017
Initial release201220092009
Current release6.0.6, July 20202.4.0, December 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoBSD 3-Clause, commercial license availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ScaleGrid for Redis: Fully managed hosting for Redis on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageCC++
Server operating systemshostedBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows infoported and maintained by Microsoft Open Technologies, Inc.
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyespartial infoSupported data types are strings, hashes, lists, sets and sorted sets, bit arrays, hyperloglogs and geospatial indexesyes infostring, binary, float, bool, date, geometry
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesyes infowith RediSearch moduleyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonono
APIs and other access methodsAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
proprietary protocol infoRESP - REdis Serialization Protocol
Supported programming languagesJava
JavaScript
Objective-C
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Crystal
D
Dart
Elixir
Erlang
Fancy
Go
Haskell
Haxe
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Pascal
Perl
PHP
Prolog
Pure Data
Python
R
Rebol
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Swift
Tcl
Visual Basic
C infocommunity-supported driver
C# infocommunity-supported driver
C++ infocommunity-supported driver
Clojure infocommunity-supported driver
Dart infocommunity-supported driver
Erlang infocommunity-supported driver
Go infocommunity-supported driver
Haskell infocommunity-supported driver
Java infoofficial driver
JavaScript (Node.js) infoofficial driver
Lisp infocommunity-supported driver
Lua infocommunity-supported driver
Objective-C infocommunity-supported driver
Perl infocommunity-supported driver
PHP infocommunity-supported driver
Python infoofficial driver
Ruby infoofficial driver
Scala infocommunity-supported driver
Server-side scripts infoStored procedureslimited functionality with using 'rules'Lua
TriggersCallbacks are triggered when data changesnoClient-side triggers through changefeeds
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding inforange based
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication infowith Redis Enterprise Pack
Source-replica replication infoChained replication is supported
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Eventual Consistency
Strong eventual consistency with CRDTs
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datayesOptimistic locking, atomic execution of commands blocks and scriptsAtomic single-document operations
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infoData access is serialized by the serveryes infoMVCC based
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infoConfigurable mechanisms for persistency via snapshots and/or operations logsyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlyes, based on authentication and database rulesSimple password-based access control infoAccess control lists and SSL are available in the commercial versionyes infousers and table-level permissions

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Firebase Realtime DatabaseRedisRethinkDB
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