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DBMS > Firebase Realtime Database vs. PouchDB vs. SQLite

System Properties Comparison Firebase Realtime Database vs. PouchDB vs. SQLite

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonPouchDB  Xexclude from comparisonSQLite  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.JavaScript DBMS with an API inspired by CouchDBWidely used in-process RDBMS
Primary database modelDocument storeDocument storeRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score15.61
Rank#36  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score3.20
Rank#96  Overall
#17  Document stores
Score126.68
Rank#9  Overall
#6  Relational DBMS
Websitefirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databasepouchdb.comwww.sqlite.org
Technical documentationfirebase.google.com/­docs/­databasepouchdb.com/­guideswww.sqlite.org/­docs.html
DeveloperGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014Apache Software FoundationDwayne Richard Hipp
Initial release201220122000
Current release7.1.1, June 20193.33.0 (August 14, 2020), August 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen SourceOpen Source infoPublic Domain
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaScriptC
Server operating systemshostedserver-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)server-less
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyes infodynamic column types
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyes infonot rigid because of 'dynamic typing' concept.
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesyes infovia viewsyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoyes infoSQL-92 is not fully supported
APIs and other access methodsAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
HTTP REST infoonly for PouchDB Server
JavaScript API
ADO.NET infoinofficial driver
JDBC infoinofficial driver
ODBC infoinofficial driver
Supported programming languagesJava
JavaScript
Objective-C
JavaScriptActionscript
Ada
Basic
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Forth
Fortran
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored procedureslimited functionality with using 'rules'View functions in JavaScriptno
TriggersCallbacks are triggered when data changesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infowith a proxy-based framework, named couchdb-loungenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication infoalso with CouchDB databases
Source-replica replication infoalso with CouchDB databases
none
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Eventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datayesnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infovia file-system locks
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infoby using IndexedDB, WebSQL or LevelDB as backendyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlyes, based on authentication and database rulesnono

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More resources
Firebase Realtime DatabasePouchDBSQLite
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