DBMS > Firebase Realtime Database vs. PostgreSQL vs. SAP SQL Anywhere
System Properties Comparison Firebase Realtime Database vs. PostgreSQL vs. SAP SQL Anywhere
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|Editorial information provided by DB-Engines|
|Name||Firebase Realtime Database Xexclude from comparison||PostgreSQL Xexclude from comparison||SAP SQL Anywhere formerly called Adaptive Server Anywhere Xexclude from comparison|
|Primary database model||Document store||Relational DBMS with object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.||Relational DBMS|
|Secondary database models||Document store|
|Developer||Google acquired by Google 2014||PostgreSQL Global Development Group www.postgresql.org/developer||SAP formerly Sybase|
|Initial release||2012||1989 1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL||1992|
|Current release||13.2 , February 2021||17, July 2015|
|License Commercial or Open Source||commercial||Open Source BSD||commercial|
|Cloud-based only Only available as a cloud service||yes||no||no|
|DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) Database as a Service|
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|Server operating systems||hosted||FreeBSD|
|Typing predefined data types such as float or date||yes||yes||yes|
|XML support Some form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.||no||yes specific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.||yes|
|SQL Support of SQL||no||yes standard with numerous extensions||yes|
|APIs and other access methods||Android|
RESTful HTTP API
native C library
streaming API for large objects
|Supported programming languages||Java|
|Server-side scripts Stored procedures||limited functionality with using 'rules'||user defined functions realized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.||yes, in C/C++, Java, .Net or Perl|
|Triggers||Callbacks are triggered when data changes||yes||yes|
|Partitioning methods Methods for storing different data on different nodes||partitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash||none|
|Replication methods Methods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodes||Source-replica replication other methods possible by using 3rd party extensions||Source-replica replication Database mirroring|
|MapReduce Offers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methods||no||no||no|
|Consistency concepts Methods to ensure consistency in a distributed system||Eventual Consistency if the client is offline|
Immediate Consistency if the client is online
|Immediate Consistency||Immediate Consistency|
|Foreign keys Referential integrity||no||yes||yes|
|Transaction concepts Support to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of data||yes||ACID||ACID|
|Concurrency Support for concurrent manipulation of data||yes||yes||yes|
|Durability Support for making data persistent||yes||yes||yes|
|In-memory capabilities Is there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.||no||yes|
|User concepts Access control||yes, based on authentication and database rules||fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard||fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard|
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|3rd parties||EDB: Helping organizations get the most from PostgreSQL, Oracle Migration, High Availability, Security|
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|Firebase Realtime Database||PostgreSQL||SAP SQL Anywhere formerly called Adaptive Server Anywhere|
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