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DBMS > Firebase Realtime Database vs. OrientDB vs. SpaceTime

System Properties Comparison Firebase Realtime Database vs. OrientDB vs. SpaceTime

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparisonSpaceTime  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.Multi-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)SpaceTime is a spatio-temporal DBMS with a focus on performance.
Primary database modelDocument storeDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Spatial DBMS
Secondary database modelsRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score13.64
Rank#39  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score3.25
Rank#89  Overall
#16  Document stores
#6  Graph DBMS
#13  Key-value stores
Score0.03
Rank#392  Overall
#8  Spatial DBMS
Websitefirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databaseorientdb.orgwww.mireo.com/­spacetime
Technical documentationfirebase.google.com/­docs/­databasewww.orientdb.com/­docs/­last/­index.html
DeveloperGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014OrientDB LTD; CallidusCloud; SAPMireo
Initial release201220102020
Current release3.2.29, March 2024
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache version 2commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC++
Server operating systemshostedAll OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)Linux
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")yes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like query language, no joinsA subset of ANSI SQL is implemented
APIs and other access methodsAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesJava
JavaScript
Objective-C
.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C#
C++
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored procedureslimited functionality with using 'rules'Java, Javascriptno
TriggersCallbacks are triggered when data changesHooksno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingFixed-grid hypercubes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationReal-time block device replication (DRBD)
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono infocould be achieved with distributed queriesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes inforelationship in graphsno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datayesACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlyes, based on authentication and database rulesAccess rights for users and roles; record level security configurableyes

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More resources
Firebase Realtime DatabaseOrientDBSpaceTime
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Recent citations in the news

Realtime vs Cloud Firestore: Which Firebase Database to go?
8 March 2024, Appinventiv

Atos cybersecurity blog: Misconfigured Firebase: A real-time cyber threat
18 January 2024, Atos

Don't be like these 900+ websites and expose millions of passwords via Firebase
18 March 2024, The Register

Google launches Firebase Genkit, a new open source framework for building AI-powered apps
14 May 2024, TechCrunch

Hundreds of Google Firebase websites might have leaked data online
19 March 2024, TechRadar

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Comparing Graph Databases II. Part 2: ArangoDB, OrientDB, and… | by Sam Bell
20 September 2019, Towards Data Science

ArangoDB raises $10 million for NoSQL database management
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