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DBMS > Firebase Realtime Database vs. Oracle Berkeley DB vs. SQLite

System Properties Comparison Firebase Realtime Database vs. Oracle Berkeley DB vs. SQLite

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonOracle Berkeley DB  Xexclude from comparisonSQLite  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.Widely used in-process key-value storeWidely used in-process RDBMS
Primary database modelDocument storeKey-value store infosupports sorted and unsorted key sets
Native XML DBMS infoin the Oracle Berkeley DB XML version
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score11.60
Rank#40  Overall
#7  Document stores
Score2.91
Rank#90  Overall
#16  Key-value stores
#2  Native XML DBMS
Score121.03
Rank#11  Overall
#7  Relational DBMS
Websitefirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databasewww.oracle.com/­technetwork/­database/­database-technologies/­berkeleydb/­overview/­index.htmlwww.sqlite.org
Technical documentationfirebase.google.com/­docs/­databasedocs.oracle.com/­cd/­E17076_05/­html/­index.htmlwww.sqlite.org/­docs.html
DeveloperGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014Oracle infooriginally developed by Sleepycat, which was acquired by OracleDwayne Richard Hipp
Initial release201219942000
Current release18.1 (Core), June 20183.30.1, October 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infocommercial license availableOpen Source infoPublic Domain
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC, Java, C++ (depending on the Berkeley DB edition)C
Server operating systemshostedAIX
Android
FreeBSD
iOS
Linux
OS X
Solaris
VxWorks
Windows
server-less
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyes infodynamic column types
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyes infonot rigid because of 'dynamic typing' concept.
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infoonly with the Berkeley DB XML editionno
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infoSQL interfaced based on SQLite is availableyes infoSQL-92 is not fully supported
APIs and other access methodsAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET infoinofficial driver
JDBC infoinofficial driver
ODBC infoinofficial driver
Supported programming languagesJava
JavaScript
Objective-C
.Net infoFigaro is a .Net framework assembly that extends Berkeley DB XML into an embeddable database engine for .NET
others infoThird-party libraries to manipulate Berkeley DB files are available for many languages
C
C#
C++
Java
Perl
Python
Tcl
Actionscript
Ada
Basic
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Forth
Fortran
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored procedureslimited functionality with using 'rules'nono
TriggersCallbacks are triggered when data changesyes infoonly for the SQL APIyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-slave replicationnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datayesACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infovia file-system locks
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlyes, based on authentication and database rulesnono

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3rd partiesNavicat for SQLite is a powerful and comprehensive SQLite GUI that provides a complete set of functions for database management and development.
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More resources
Firebase Realtime DatabaseOracle Berkeley DBSQLite
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