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DBMS > Firebase Realtime Database vs. OpenSearch vs. TinkerGraph

System Properties Comparison Firebase Realtime Database vs. OpenSearch vs. TinkerGraph

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonOpenSearch  Xexclude from comparisonTinkerGraph  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.A distributed, RESTful search and analytics engine forked from Elasticsearch and based on Apache LuceneA lightweight, in-memory graph engine that serves as a reference implementation of the TinkerPop3 API
Primary database modelDocument storeSearch engineGraph DBMS
Secondary database modelsVector DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score15.00
Rank#39  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score15.65
Rank#38  Overall
#4  Search engines
Score0.12
Rank#344  Overall
#34  Graph DBMS
Websitefirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databasegithub.com/­opensearch-project
opensearch.org
tinkerpop.apache.org/­docs/­current/­reference/­#tinkergraph-gremlin
Technical documentationfirebase.google.com/­docs/­databaseopensearch.org/­docs/­latest
DeveloperGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014Amazon Web Services
Initial release201220212009
Current release2.5.0, January 2023
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Aiven for OpenSearch: Fully managed open source search and analytics suite. Out-of-the-box integrations get you up and running in a couple of clicks.
Implementation languageJavaJava
Server operating systemshostedAll OS with a Java VM
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedno
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like query languageno
APIs and other access methodsAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languagesJava
JavaScript
Objective-C
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby infoElasticsearch client
Groovy
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored procedureslimited functionality with using 'rules'yesno
TriggersCallbacks are triggered when data changesyes infoby using the 'percolation' featureno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Eventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allnone
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datayesnono
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesno
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesoptional
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes
User concepts infoAccess controlyes, based on authentication and database rulesno
More information provided by the system vendor
Firebase Realtime DatabaseOpenSearchTinkerGraph
Specific characteristicsOpenSearch is a highly scalable and extensible open-source software suite for search,...
» more
Competitive advantagesDistributed as fully open source under Apache License, Version 2.0 (ALv2), OpenSearch...
» more
Typical application scenariosThe OpenSearch platform is used across a broad range of search , analytics, and observability...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe OpenSearch Project offers open source software licensed under Apache License...
» more

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Related products and services
3rd partiesAiven for OpenSearch: Fully managed open source search and analytics suite. Out-of-the-box integrations get you up and running in a couple of clicks.
» more

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More resources
Firebase Realtime DatabaseOpenSearchTinkerGraph
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