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DBMS > Firebase Realtime Database vs. OpenSearch

System Properties Comparison Firebase Realtime Database vs. OpenSearch

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonOpenSearch  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.A distributed, RESTful search and analytics engine forked from Elasticsearch and based on Apache Lucene
Primary database modelDocument storeSearch engine
Secondary database modelsVector DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score14.29
Rank#39  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score16.36
Rank#37  Overall
#4  Search engines
Websitefirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databasegithub.com/­opensearch-project
opensearch.org
Technical documentationfirebase.google.com/­docs/­databaseopensearch.org/­docs/­latest
DeveloperGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014Amazon Web Services
Initial release20122021
Current release2.5.0, January 2023
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • Aiven for OpenSearch: Fully managed open source search and analytics suite. Out-of-the-box integrations get you up and running in a couple of clicks.
  • STACKIT OpenSearch offers OpenSearch in a managed version in enterprise grade, 100% GDPR-compliant, for a wide range of applications like analytics, website search, offering scalability and fast data access.
Implementation languageJava
Server operating systemshostedAll OS with a Java VM
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistent
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no
Secondary indexesyesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexed
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesJava
JavaScript
Objective-C
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby infoElasticsearch client
Server-side scripts infoStored procedureslimited functionality with using 'rules'yes
TriggersCallbacks are triggered when data changesyes infoby using the 'percolation' feature
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Eventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, all
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datayesno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlyes, based on authentication and database rules
More information provided by the system vendor
Firebase Realtime DatabaseOpenSearch
Specific characteristicsOpenSearch is a highly scalable and extensible open-source software suite for search,...
» more
Competitive advantagesDistributed as fully open source under Apache License, Version 2.0 (ALv2), OpenSearch...
» more
Typical application scenariosThe OpenSearch platform is used across a broad range of search , analytics, and observability...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe OpenSearch Project offers open source software licensed under Apache License...
» more

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Related products and services
3rd partiesAiven for OpenSearch: Fully managed open source search and analytics suite. Out-of-the-box integrations get you up and running in a couple of clicks.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Firebase Realtime DatabaseOpenSearch
DB-Engines blog posts

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Recent citations in the news

Realtime vs Cloud Firestore: Which Firebase Database to go?
8 March 2024, Appinventiv

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19 March 2024, SC Media

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14 May 2024, TechCrunch

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19 March 2024, TechRadar

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22 May 2024, AWS Blog

AVB accelerates search in LINQ with Amazon OpenSearch Service | Amazon Web Services
21 May 2024, AWS Blog

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8 May 2024, AWS Blog

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