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DBMS > Firebase Realtime Database vs. Neo4j vs. SQLite

System Properties Comparison Firebase Realtime Database vs. Neo4j vs. SQLite

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonSQLite  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.Open source graph databaseWidely used in-process RDBMS
Primary database modelDocument storeGraph DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score11.60
Rank#40  Overall
#7  Document stores
Score50.53
Rank#22  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score121.03
Rank#11  Overall
#7  Relational DBMS
Websitefirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databaseneo4j.comwww.sqlite.org
Technical documentationfirebase.google.com/­docs/­databaseneo4j.com/­docswww.sqlite.org/­docs.html
DeveloperGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014Neo4j, Inc.Dwayne Richard Hipp
Initial release201220072000
Current release3.5.8, July 20193.30.1, October 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoPublic Domain
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJava, ScalaC
Server operating systemshostedLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
server-less
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free and schema-optionalyes infodynamic column types
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infonot rigid because of 'dynamic typing' concept.
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoyes infoSQL-92 is not fully supported
APIs and other access methodsAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
ADO.NET infoinofficial driver
JDBC infoinofficial driver
ODBC infoinofficial driver
Supported programming languagesJava
JavaScript
Objective-C
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Actionscript
Ada
Basic
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Forth
Fortran
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored procedureslimited functionality with using 'rules'yes infoUser defined Procedures and Functionsno
TriggersCallbacks are triggered when data changesyes infovia event handleryes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlynone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Causal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoRelationships in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datayesACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infovia file-system locks
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes
User concepts infoAccess controlyes, based on authentication and database rulesUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)no
More information provided by the system vendor
Firebase Realtime DatabaseNeo4jSQLite
Specific characteristicsNeo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersOver 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

This Week in Neo4j – Neo4j Aura is Here, Graph Embeddings, Graph Modeling: All about relationships, Exploring Structural Balance
9 November 2019

Capturing Relationships: 5-Minute Interview with Forrest Swope
8 November 2019

Introducing Neo4j Aura: A New Graph Database as a Service
6 November 2019

Anti-Money Laundering Compliance with Graph Technology [Infographic]
5 November 2019

This Week in Neo4j – Graphs, AI, and ML: Q&A with Alicia Frame, Finding prices with Neo4j, Building a Knowledge Graph
2 November 2019

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesNavicat for SQLite is a powerful and comprehensive SQLite GUI that provides a complete set of functions for database management and development.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Firebase Realtime DatabaseNeo4jSQLite
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Conferences and events

GraphConnect 2020
New York, USA, 20-22 April 2020

Recent citations in the news

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22 October 2019, PRNewswire

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