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DBMS > Firebase Realtime Database vs. Neo4j vs. Oracle Rdb

System Properties Comparison Firebase Realtime Database vs. Neo4j vs. Oracle Rdb

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonOracle Rdb  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.Open source graph database
Primary database modelDocument storeGraph DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score12.35
Rank#38  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score51.21
Rank#22  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score1.01
Rank#152  Overall
#74  Relational DBMS
Websitefirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databaseneo4j.comwww.oracle.com/­technetwork/­database/­database-technologies/­rdb/­overview/­index.html
Technical documentationfirebase.google.com/­docs/­databaseneo4j.com/­docs
DeveloperGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014Neo4j, Inc.Oracle, originally developed by Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC)
Initial release201220071984
Current release4.0.0, January 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJava, Scala
Server operating systemshostedLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
HP Open VMS
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free and schema-optionalFlexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free)
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoyes
APIs and other access methodsAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languagesJava
JavaScript
Objective-C
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored procedureslimited functionality with using 'rules'yes infoUser defined Procedures and Functions
TriggersCallbacks are triggered when data changesyes infovia event handler
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version only
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Causal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoRelationships in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datayesACIDyes, on a single node
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlyes, based on authentication and database rulesUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)
More information provided by the system vendor
Firebase Realtime DatabaseNeo4jOracle Rdb
Specific characteristicsNeo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersOver 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

Ontologies in Neo4j: Semantics and Knowledge Graphs
19 February 2020

This Week in Neo4j – Flight Search Application, Graph Data Science Library Preview, Neo4j 4.0 Treasure Map
15 February 2020

Neo4j 4.0 Security Rocks: The 5-Minute Interview with Michal Bachman, CEO, GraphAware
14 February 2020

Part 1: Using Neo4j in Business Process Modeling Scenarios
13 February 2020

Personalized Product Recommendations at Nordstrom
12 February 2020

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services

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More resources
Firebase Realtime DatabaseNeo4jOracle Rdb
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Conferences and events

GraphConnect 2020
New York, USA, 20-22 April 2020

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