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DBMS > Firebase Realtime Database vs. MySQL vs. SQLite

System Properties Comparison Firebase Realtime Database vs. MySQL vs. SQLite

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonSQLite  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.Widely used open source RDBMSWidely used in-process RDBMS
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score11.74
Rank#40  Overall
#7  Document stores
Score1283.06
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score122.62
Rank#11  Overall
#7  Relational DBMS
Websitefirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databasewww.mysql.comwww.sqlite.org
Technical documentationfirebase.google.com/­docs/­databasedev.mysql.com/­docwww.sqlite.org/­docs.html
DeveloperGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014Oracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunDwayne Richard Hipp
Initial release201219952000
Current release8.0.17, July 20193.30, October 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availableOpen Source infoPublic Domain
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • Google Cloud SQL: A fully-managed database service for the Google Cloud Platform
  • Azure Database for MySQL: A fully managed, scalable MySQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
Implementation languageC and C++C
Server operating systemshostedFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
server-less
Data schemeschema-freeyesyes infodynamic column types
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infonot rigid because of 'dynamic typing' concept.
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infoSQL-92 is not fully supported
APIs and other access methodsAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
Proprietary native API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET infoinofficial driver
JDBC infoinofficial driver
ODBC infoinofficial driver
Supported programming languagesJava
JavaScript
Objective-C
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Actionscript
Ada
Basic
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Forth
Fortran
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored procedureslimited functionality with using 'rules'yes infoproprietary syntaxno
TriggersCallbacks are triggered when data changesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabricnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
none
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datayesACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyes infovia file-system locks
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlyes, based on authentication and database rulesUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesno

More information provided by the system vendor

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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Firebase Realtime DatabaseMySQLSQLite
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