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DBMS > Firebase Realtime Database vs. MySQL vs. Redis

System Properties Comparison Firebase Realtime Database vs. MySQL vs. Redis

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonRedis  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.Widely used open source RDBMSPopular in-memory data platform used as a cache, message broker, and database that can be deployed on-premises, across clouds, and hybrid environments infoRedis focuses on performance so most of its design decisions prioritize high performance and very low latencies.
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIKey-value store infoMultiple data types and a rich set of operations, as well as configurable data expiration, eviction and persistence
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Document store infowith RedisJSON
Graph DBMS infowith RedisGraph
Spatial DBMS
Search engine infowith RediSearch
Time Series DBMS infowith RedisTimeSeries
Vector DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score16.35
Rank#38  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score1106.67
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score160.71
Rank#6  Overall
#1  Key-value stores
Websitefirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databasewww.mysql.comredis.com
redis.io
Technical documentationfirebase.google.com/­docs/­databasedev.mysql.com/­docdocs.redis.com/­latest/­index.html
redis.io/­docs
DeveloperGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014Oracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunRedis project core team, inspired by Salvatore Sanfilippo infoDevelopment sponsored by Redis Inc.
Initial release201219952009
Current release8.3.0, January 20247.2.4, January 2024
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availableOpen Source infosource-available extensions (modules), commercial licenses for Redis Enterprise
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • Aiven for MySQL: Fully managed MySQL, deployable in the cloud of your choice, with seamless integrations and lightning-fast setup.
  • PlanetScale: Deploy a fully managed database with the reliability of MySQL and the scale of open source Vitess with PlanetScale today. Predictably scale, increase workflow velocity, and deploy features with zero downtime.
Aiven for Redis: Fully managed in-memory key-value store for all your caching and speedy lookup needs.
Implementation languageC and C++C
Server operating systemshostedFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
BSD
Linux
OS X
Windows infoported and maintained by Microsoft Open Technologies, Inc.
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyespartial infoSupported data types are strings, hashes, lists, sets and sorted sets, bit arrays, hyperloglogs and geospatial indexes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infowith RediSearch module
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infowith proprietary extensionswith RediSQL module
APIs and other access methodsAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
proprietary protocol infoRESP - REdis Serialization Protocol
Supported programming languagesJava
JavaScript
Objective-C
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Crystal
D
Dart
Elixir
Erlang
Fancy
Go
Haskell
Haxe
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Pascal
Perl
PHP
Prolog
Pure Data
Python
R
Rebol
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Swift
Tcl
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored procedureslimited functionality with using 'rules'yes infoproprietary syntaxLua; Redis Functions coming in Redis 7 (slides and Github)
TriggersCallbacks are triggered when data changesyespublish/subscribe channels provide some trigger functionality; RedisGears
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL FabricSharding infoAutomatic hash-based sharding with support for hash-tags for manual sharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication infowith Redis Enterprise Pack
Source-replica replication infoChained replication is supported
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonothrough RedisGears
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Immediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Causal consistency can be enabled in Active-Active databases
Strong consistency with Redis Raft
Strong eventual consistency with Active-Active
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datayesACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineAtomic execution of command blocks and scripts and optimistic locking
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyes infoData access is serialized by the server
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoConfigurable mechanisms for persistency via snapshots and/or operations logs
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlyes, based on authentication and database rulesUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesAccess Control Lists (ACLs): redis.io/­docs/­management/­security/­acl
LDAP and Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) for Redis Enterprise
Mutual TLS authentication: redis.io/­docs/­management/­security/­encryption
Password-based authentication

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Related products and services
3rd partiesNavicat Monitor is a safe, simple and agentless remote server monitoring tool for MySQL and many other database management systems.
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Navicat for MySQL is the ideal solution for MySQL/MariaDB administration and development.
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Aiven for MySQL: Fully managed MySQL, deployable in the cloud of your choice, with seamless integrations and lightning-fast setup.
» more

CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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PlanetScale: Deploy a fully managed serverless database with the reliability of MySQL and the tested scalability of Vitess. Predictably scale, increase workflow velocity, and deploy features with zero downtime.
Get started with a PlanetScale database today for free.
» more
Navicat for Redis: the award-winning Redis management tool with an intuitive and powerful graphical interface.
» more

Redisson PRO: The ultra-fast Redis Java Client.
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Aiven for Redis: Fully managed in-memory key-value store for all your caching and speedy lookup needs.
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CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Firebase Realtime DatabaseMySQLRedis
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