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DBMS > Firebase Realtime Database vs. MySQL vs. Oracle NoSQL

System Properties Comparison Firebase Realtime Database vs. MySQL vs. Oracle NoSQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonOracle NoSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.Widely used open source RDBMSA multi-model, scalable, distributed NoSQL database, designed to provide highly reliable, flexible, and available data management across a configurable set of storage nodes
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIDocument store
Key-value store
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score18.80
Rank#38  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score1202.85
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score4.38
Rank#86  Overall
#16  Document stores
#14  Key-value stores
#45  Relational DBMS
Websitefirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databasewww.mysql.comwww.oracle.com/­database/­technologies/­related/­nosql.html
Technical documentationfirebase.google.com/­docs/­databasedev.mysql.com/­docdocs.oracle.com/­en/­database/­other-databases/­nosql-database/­index.html
DeveloperGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014Oracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunOracle
Initial release201219952011
Current release8.0.30, July 202222.1, May 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availableOpen Source infoProprietary for Enterprise Edition (Oracle Database EE license has Oracle NoSQL database EE covered: details)
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC and C++Java
Server operating systemshostedFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
Solaris SPARC/x86
Data schemeschema-freeyesSupport Fixed schema and Schema-less deployment with the ability to interoperate between them.
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesoptional
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infowith proprietary extensionsSQL-like DML and DDL statements
APIs and other access methodsAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesJava
JavaScript
Objective-C
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
C
C#
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored procedureslimited functionality with using 'rules'yes infoproprietary syntaxno
TriggersCallbacks are triggered when data changesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL FabricSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Electable source-replica replication per shard. Support distributed global deployment with Multi-region table feature
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonowith Hadoop integration
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Immediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infodepending on configuration
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datayesACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineconfigurable infoACID within a storage node (=shard)
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infooff heap cache
User concepts infoAccess controlyes, based on authentication and database rulesUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesAccess rights for users and roles

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