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DBMS > Firebase Realtime Database vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. TinkerGraph

System Properties Comparison Firebase Realtime Database vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. TinkerGraph

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonTinkerGraph  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.Microsofts relational DBMSA lightweight, in-memory graph engine that serves as a reference implementation of the TinkerPop3 API
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score16.85
Rank#36  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score1037.64
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score0.19
Rank#282  Overall
#23  Graph DBMS
Websitefirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databasewww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-servertinkerpop.apache.org/­docs/­current/­reference/­#tinkergraph-gremlin
Technical documentationfirebase.google.com/­docs/­databasedocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-server
DeveloperGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014Microsoft
Initial release201219892009
Current releaseSQL Server 2019, November 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++Java
Server operating systemshostedLinux
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesno
Secondary indexesyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesno
APIs and other access methodsAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languagesJava
JavaScript
Objective-C
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
Groovy
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored procedureslimited functionality with using 'rules'Transact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javano
TriggersCallbacks are triggered when data changesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodestables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, but depending on the SQL-Server Editionnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Immediate Consistencynone
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datayesACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesno
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesoptional
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlyes, based on authentication and database rulesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno

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More resources
Firebase Realtime DatabaseMicrosoft SQL ServerTinkerGraph
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