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DBMS > Firebase Realtime Database vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Sphinx

System Properties Comparison Firebase Realtime Database vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Sphinx

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonSphinx  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.Microsofts flagship relational DBMSOpen source search engine for searching in data from different sources, e.g. relational databases
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMSSearch engine
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score19.96
Rank#37  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score954.02
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score8.01
Rank#56  Overall
#6  Search engines
Websitefirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databasewww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serversphinxsearch.com
Technical documentationfirebase.google.com/­docs/­databasedocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serversphinxsearch.com/­docs
DeveloperGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014MicrosoftSphinx Technologies Inc.
Initial release201219892001
Current releaseSQL Server 2019, November 20193.4.1, July 2021
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial licence available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++C++
Server operating systemshostedLinux
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
NetBSD
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infofull-text index on all search fields
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesSQL-like query language (SphinxQL)
APIs and other access methodsAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languagesJava
JavaScript
Objective-C
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
C++ infounofficial client library
Java
Perl infounofficial client library
PHP
Python
Ruby infounofficial client library
Server-side scripts infoStored procedureslimited functionality with using 'rules'Transact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javano
TriggersCallbacks are triggered when data changesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodestables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationSharding infoPartitioning is done manually, search queries against distributed index is supported
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, but depending on the SQL-Server Editionnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datayesACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoThe original contents of fields are not stored in the Sphinx index.
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes
User concepts infoAccess controlyes, based on authentication and database rulesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno

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More resources
Firebase Realtime DatabaseMicrosoft SQL ServerSphinx
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