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DBMS > Firebase Realtime Database vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. MySQL

System Properties Comparison Firebase Realtime Database vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. MySQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.Microsofts relational DBMSWidely used open source RDBMS
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached API
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score16.26
Rank#36  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score1043.12
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score1256.38
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Websitefirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databasewww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.mysql.com
Technical documentationfirebase.google.com/­docs/­databasedocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverdev.mysql.com/­doc
DeveloperGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014MicrosoftOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then Sun
Initial release201219891995
Current releaseSQL Server 2019, November 20198.0.22, 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • Azure Database for MySQL: A fully managed, scalable MySQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
  • ScaleGrid for MySQL: Fully managed MySQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageC++C and C++
Server operating systemshostedLinux
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesyes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methodsAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
Supported programming languagesJava
JavaScript
Objective-C
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored procedureslimited functionality with using 'rules'Transact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javayes infoproprietary syntax
TriggersCallbacks are triggered when data changesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodestables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationhorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabric
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyes infonot for MyISAM storage engine
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datayesACIDACID infonot for MyISAM storage engine
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engine
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlyes, based on authentication and database rulesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or roles

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More resources
Firebase Realtime DatabaseMicrosoft SQL ServerMySQL
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