DB-EnginesCrateDB bannerEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Firebase Realtime Database vs. Microsoft Azure Search vs. PostgreSQL vs. Realm

System Properties Comparison Firebase Realtime Database vs. Microsoft Azure Search vs. PostgreSQL vs. Realm

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Search  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparisonRealm  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.Search-as-a-service for web and mobile app developmentWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQLA DBMS built for use on mobile devices that’s a fast, easy to use alternative to SQLite and Core Data
Primary database modelDocument storeSearch engineRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.Document store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score12.35
Rank#38  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score6.31
Rank#54  Overall
#6  Search engines
Score506.94
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Score8.85
Rank#44  Overall
#8  Document stores
Websitefirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databaseazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­searchwww.postgresql.orgrealm.io
Technical documentationfirebase.google.com/­docs/­databasedocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­searchwww.postgresql.org/­docs/­manualsrealm.io/­docs
DeveloperGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014MicrosoftPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developerRealm, acquired by MongoDB in May 2019
Initial release201220151989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL2014
Current releaseV112.2, February 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoBSDOpen Source
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • Azure Database for PostgreSQL: A fully managed, scalable PostgreSQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
  • ScaleGrid: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting with high availability, dedicated servers, and superuser control on the #1 multi-cloud Amazon RDS alternative.
Implementation languageC
Server operating systemshostedhostedFreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Android
Backend: server-less
iOS
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.no
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoyes infostandard with numerous extensionsno
APIs and other access methodsAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
RESTful HTTP APIADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesJava
JavaScript
Objective-C
.Net
C#
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
.Net
Java infowith Android only
Objective-C
React Native
Swift
Server-side scripts infoStored procedureslimited functionality with using 'rules'nouser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.no inforuns within the applications so server-side scripts are unnecessary
TriggersCallbacks are triggered when data changesnoyesyes infoChange Listeners
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicepartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hashnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceMaster-slave replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datayesnoACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes infoIn-Memory realm
User concepts infoAccess controlyes, based on authentication and database rulesyes infousing Azure authenticationfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes
More information provided by the system vendor
Firebase Realtime DatabaseMicrosoft Azure SearchPostgreSQLRealm
Specific characteristicsNow a part of MongoDB Data Platform , Realm Database is the fast, easy to use, and...
» more
Competitive advantagesRealm ensures offline-first functionality, meaning apps run smoothly and deliver...
» more
Typical application scenariosMobile Consumer Apps First-Line Worker Apps
» more
Key customersCathay Pacific Royal Carribbean Cruise Lines Open Source Database powers apps built...
» more
Market metricsUsed by 100,000+ developers 2 bn installs Currently used in 40k+ applications in...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsRealm database is licensed under the Apache License v2.0.
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesDBHawk: a web-based PostgreSQL/Greenplum database tool. Boost database development and BI productivity with an online Universal database tool.
» more

pgDash: In-Depth PostgreSQL Monitoring.
» more

Dremio is like magic for PostgreSQL accelerating your analytical queries up to 1,000x.
» more

Navicat for PostgreSQL is an easy-to-use graphical tool for PostgreSQL database development.
» more

CYBERTEC: your professional partner for PostgreSQL services and Data Science based on PostgreSQL since 2000. With offices in Austria, Uruguay, Estonia and Switzerland, CYBERTEC operates worldwide!
» more

General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
» more

2ndQuadrant: PostgreSQL Solutions for the Enterprise.
» more

Azure Database for PostgreSQL provides fully managed, enterprise-ready community PostgreSQL database as a service
» more

SQLPro for PostgreSQL: A simple but powerful PostgreSQL database client available on iPhone and iPad as well as macOS.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Firebase Realtime DatabaseMicrosoft Azure SearchPostgreSQLRealm
DB-Engines blog posts

Cloud-based DBMS's popularity grows at high rates
12 December 2019, Paul Andlinger

show all

Cloud-based DBMS's popularity grows at high rates
12 December 2019, Paul Andlinger

show all

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2018
2 January 2019, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2017
2 January 2018, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Microsoft SQL Server is the DBMS of the Year
4 January 2017, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

show all

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

show all

Conferences and events

PGCon 2020, PostgreSQL Conference for Users and Developers
Ottawa, Canada, 26-29 May 2020

Recent citations in the news

Building a Cold Chain Management IoT Solution
27 February 2020, IoT For All

GraphQL startup Hasura reels in $9.9M to simplify database operations
26 February 2020, SiliconANGLE News

Exposed Firebase databases hidden by Google search
2 December 2019, TechTarget

Compare Google Cloud Firestore and Firebase Realtime Database
9 August 2019, TechTarget

Exhaustive Study on Mobile App Analytics Software Market 2020 | Strategic Assessment by Top Players (Appsee, Buddybuild (Doe Pics Hit), Mixpanel, Firebase (Google), Amplitude, Localytics, Keen,) | Forecast to 2026
25 February 2020, News Times

provided by Google News

Which Cloud Platform To Embrace For AI Workloads
25 February 2020, Analytics India Magazine

Cognitive Search - Azure Search with AI | Azure Friday - Microsoft
6 September 2019, Channel 9

Knowledge Mining with Azure Search | AI Show - Microsoft
8 October 2019, Channel 9

Medfield Job Board: Health Care, Engineers | Medfield
31 January 2020, Medfield, MA Patch

Knowledge mining using the knowledge store feature of Azure Search - Microsoft
17 September 2019, Channel 9

provided by Google News

EnterpriseDB looks to grow market for PostgreSQL
21 February 2020, TechTarget

Google lays out HarbourBridge to tempt PostgreSQL users onto Cloud Spanner • DEVCLASS
13 February 2020, DevClass

Crunchy PostgreSQL for Kubernetes 4.2 Receives Red Hat OpenShift Operator Certification
10 February 2020, Yahoo Finance

Database Management System (DBMS) Market Shaping from Growth to Value | Oracle, PostgreSQL, NCR
24 February 2020, The Market Journal

Scaling Relational Spring Microservices Without Load Balancers
28 February 2020, JAXenter

provided by Google News

Realm Makes PostgreSQL Real-Time with New Connector
21 March 2017, Database Trends and Applications

Realm Receives Investment from Ericsson Ventures to Advance Development of Edge Computing Solutions
21 September 2017, Business Wire

Kotlin Programming Language Will Surpass Java On Android Next Year
15 October 2017, Fossbytes

Q&A with Ed Lee on RAID, Virtualization-Aware Storage
15 August 2012, Virtualization Review

Box Introduces the Box File Collaboration API
24 December 2016, ProgrammableWeb

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Web Software Developer
MDU Resources Group, Inc., Boise, ID

PROFESSIONAL XAMARIN DEVELOPER
Edge One Solutions, Remote

Senior Database & System Architect
Clearwave Corporation, Georgia

BI Developer
Cognizant Technology Solutions, Mountain View, CA

Data Engineer
Petuum, Sunnyvale, CA

Sitecore Architect, NY
Photon, United States

Advisory Services Senior Manager - Microsoft Azure Architect
EY, United States

Sr. AZURE .Net Developer
Larsen & Toubro Infotech Limited, Houston, TX

Advisory Services Senior - DDnA Engineering -Azure Tech Lead Developer
EY, United States

Software Engineer
Microsoft, Redmond, WA

PostgreSQL Consultant - remote
Percona, Remote

Entry Level Data Scientist
RTI International, Durham, NC

MySQL DBA (US Hours) - remote
Percona, Remote

Head of People and Culture
Percona, Remote

Database Administrator ( PostgreSQL)
Kobie Marketing, Inc, Saint Petersburg, FL

Software Engineer, iOS
Warner Bros. Entertainment Group, Philadelphia, PA

Software Engineer, iOS - San Francisco
Lyft, San Francisco, CA

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

Datastax Luna logo

Simple, subscription-based support for open source
Apache Cassandra™ from the Cassandra experts.
Learn more.

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

MariaDB logo

How do MariaDB, Oracle MySQL and EnterpriseDB compare?
Get the white paper to
learn more.

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

Present your product here