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DBMS > Firebase Realtime Database vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. SQLite

System Properties Comparison Firebase Realtime Database vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. SQLite

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonSQLite  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.Globally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceWidely used in-process RDBMS
Primary database modelDocument storeDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score11.60
Rank#40  Overall
#7  Document stores
Score31.98
Rank#24  Overall
#4  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score121.03
Rank#11  Overall
#7  Relational DBMS
Websitefirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databaseazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbwww.sqlite.org
Technical documentationfirebase.google.com/­docs/­databasedocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­cosmos-dbwww.sqlite.org/­docs.html
DeveloperGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014MicrosoftDwayne Richard Hipp
Initial release201220142000
Current release3.30.1, October 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoPublic Domain
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC
Server operating systemshostedhostedserver-less
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyes infodynamic column types
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infoJSON typesyes infonot rigid because of 'dynamic typing' concept.
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like query languageyes infoSQL-92 is not fully supported
APIs and other access methodsAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
ADO.NET infoinofficial driver
JDBC infoinofficial driver
ODBC infoinofficial driver
Supported programming languagesJava
JavaScript
Objective-C
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
Actionscript
Ada
Basic
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Forth
Fortran
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored procedureslimited functionality with using 'rules'JavaScriptno
TriggersCallbacks are triggered when data changesJavaScriptyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicenone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnowith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*no
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Bounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datayesMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infovia file-system locks
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes
User concepts infoAccess controlyes, based on authentication and database rulesAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelno

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3rd partiesCData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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Navicat for SQLite is a powerful and comprehensive SQLite GUI that provides a complete set of functions for database management and development.
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More resources
Firebase Realtime DatabaseMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBSQLite
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