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DBMS > Firebase Realtime Database vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB

System Properties Comparison Firebase Realtime Database vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB

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Our visitors often compare Firebase Realtime Database and Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB with Amazon DynamoDB, MongoDB and Microsoft SQL Server.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.Globally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database service
Primary database modelDocument storeDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score11.74
Rank#40  Overall
#7  Document stores
Score31.33
Rank#24  Overall
#4  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Websitefirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databaseazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-db
Technical documentationfirebase.google.com/­docs/­databasedocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­cosmos-db
DeveloperGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014Microsoft
Initial release20122014
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Server operating systemshostedhosted
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infoJSON types
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no
Secondary indexesyesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by default
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
Supported programming languagesJava
JavaScript
Objective-C
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored procedureslimited functionality with using 'rules'JavaScript
TriggersCallbacks are triggered when data changesJavaScript
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnowith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Bounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Session Consistency
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datayesMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partition
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlyes, based on authentication and database rulesAccess rights can be defined down to the item level

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More resources
Firebase Realtime DatabaseMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB
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