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DBMS > Firebase Realtime Database vs. Microsoft Access vs. RethinkDB

System Properties Comparison Firebase Realtime Database vs. Microsoft Access vs. RethinkDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Access  Xexclude from comparisonRethinkDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.Microsoft Access combines a backend RDBMS (JET / ACE Engine) with a GUI frontend for data manipulation and queries. infoThe Access frontend is often used for accessing other datasources (DBMS, Excel, etc.)DBMS for the Web with a mechanism to push updated query results to applications in realtime.
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMSDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score11.28
Rank#41  Overall
#7  Document stores
Score143.78
Rank#9  Overall
#6  Relational DBMS
Score4.42
Rank#68  Overall
#13  Document stores
Websitefirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databaseproducts.office.com/­en-us/­accessrethinkdb.com
Technical documentationfirebase.google.com/­docs/­databasemsdn.microsoft.com/­en-us/­library/­office/­ff604965.aspxrethinkdb.com/­docs
DeveloperGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014MicrosoftThe Linux Foundation infosince July 2017
Initial release201219922009
Current release1902 (16.0.11328.20222), March 20192.3.6, July 2017
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial infoBundled with Microsoft OfficeOpen Source infoApache Version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++C++
Server operating systemshostedWindows infoNot a real database server, but making use of DLLsLinux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infostring, binary, float, bool, date, geometry
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infobut not compliant to any SQL standardno
APIs and other access methodsAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
DAO
OLE DB
ADO.NET
ODBC
Supported programming languagesJava
JavaScript
Objective-C
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java (JDBC-ODBC)
VBA
Visual Basic.NET
C infocommunity-supported driver
C# infocommunity-supported driver
C++ infocommunity-supported driver
Clojure infocommunity-supported driver
Dart infocommunity-supported driver
Erlang infocommunity-supported driver
Go infocommunity-supported driver
Haskell infocommunity-supported driver
Java infoofficial driver
JavaScript (Node.js) infoofficial driver
Lisp infocommunity-supported driver
Lua infocommunity-supported driver
Objective-C infocommunity-supported driver
Perl infocommunity-supported driver
PHP infocommunity-supported driver
Python infoofficial driver
Ruby infoofficial driver
Scala infocommunity-supported driver
Server-side scripts infoStored procedureslimited functionality with using 'rules'yes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engine
TriggersCallbacks are triggered when data changesyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineClient-side triggers through changefeeds
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding inforange based
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnoneMaster-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datayesACID infobut no files for transaction loggingAtomic single-document operations
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infoMVCC based
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infobut no files for transaction loggingyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlyes, based on authentication and database rulesno infoa simple user-level security was built in till version Access 2003yes infousers and table-level permissions

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More resources
Firebase Realtime DatabaseMicrosoft AccessRethinkDB
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