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DBMS > Firebase Realtime Database vs. Microsoft Access vs. Oracle vs. Realm

System Properties Comparison Firebase Realtime Database vs. Microsoft Access vs. Oracle vs. Realm

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Access  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparisonRealm  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.Microsoft Access combines a backend RDBMS (JET / ACE Engine) with a GUI frontend for data manipulation and queries. infoThe Access frontend is often used for accessing other datasources (DBMS, Excel, etc.)Widely used RDBMSA DBMS built for use on mobile devices that’s a fast, easy to use alternative to SQLite and Core Data
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMSDocument store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Spatial DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score19.36
Rank#36  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score128.95
Rank#9  Overall
#6  Relational DBMS
Score1266.89
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score9.59
Rank#49  Overall
#7  Document stores
Websitefirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databasewww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­microsoft-365/­accesswww.oracle.com/­databaserealm.io
Technical documentationfirebase.google.com/­docs/­databasedeveloper.microsoft.com/­en-us/­accessdocs.oracle.com/­en/­databaserealm.io/­docs
DeveloperGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014MicrosoftOracleRealm, acquired by MongoDB in May 2019
Initial release2012199219802014
Current release1902 (16.0.11328.20222), March 201919c, February 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial infoBundled with Microsoft Officecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++C and C++
Server operating systemshostedWindows infoNot a real database server, but making use of DLLsAIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Android
Backend: server-less
iOS
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infobut not compliant to any SQL standardyes infowith proprietary extensionsno
APIs and other access methodsAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
DAO
ODBC
OLE DB
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languagesJava
JavaScript
Objective-C
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java (JDBC-ODBC)
VBA
Visual Basic.NET
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
.Net
Java infowith Android only
Objective-C
React Native
Swift
Server-side scripts infoStored procedureslimited functionality with using 'rules'yes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-enginePL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possibleno inforuns within the applications so server-side scripts are unnecessary
TriggersCallbacks are triggered when data changesyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineyesyes infoChange Listeners
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding, horizontal partitioningnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnoneMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
none
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono infocan be realized in PL/SQLno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datayesACID infobut no files for transaction loggingACID infoisolation level can be parameterizedACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infobut no files for transaction loggingyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'yes infoIn-Memory realm
User concepts infoAccess controlyes, based on authentication and database rulesno infoa simple user-level security was built in till version Access 2003fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes
More information provided by the system vendor
Firebase Realtime DatabaseMicrosoft AccessOracleRealm
Specific characteristicsNow a part of MongoDB Data Platform , Realm Database is the fast, easy to use, and...
» more
Competitive advantagesRealm ensures offline-first functionality, meaning apps run smoothly and deliver...
» more
Typical application scenariosMobile Consumer Apps First-Line Worker Apps
» more
Key customersCathay Pacific Royal Carribbean Cruise Lines Open Source Database powers apps built...
» more
Market metricsUsed by 100,000+ developers 2 bn installs Currently used in 40k+ applications in...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsRealm database is licensed under the Apache License v2.0.
» more

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Firebase Realtime DatabaseMicrosoft AccessOracleRealm
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