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DBMS > Firebase Realtime Database vs. Microsoft Access vs. OpenTSDB vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison Firebase Realtime Database vs. Microsoft Access vs. OpenTSDB vs. PostgreSQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Access  Xexclude from comparisonOpenTSDB  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.Microsoft Access combines a backend RDBMS (JET / ACE Engine) with a GUI frontend for data manipulation and queries. infoThe Access frontend is often used for accessing other datasources (DBMS, Excel, etc.)Scalable Time Series DBMS based on HBaseWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMSTime Series DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score15.61
Rank#36  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score118.45
Rank#11  Overall
#7  Relational DBMS
Score2.30
Rank#118  Overall
#7  Time Series DBMS
Score542.29
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websitefirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databasewww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­microsoft-365/­accessopentsdb.netwww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationfirebase.google.com/­docs/­databasedeveloper.microsoft.com/­en-us/­accessopentsdb.net/­docs/­build/­html/­index.htmlwww.postgresql.org/­docs/­manuals
DeveloperGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014Microsoftcurrently maintained by Yahoo and other contributorsPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release2012199220111989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current release1902 (16.0.11328.20222), March 201912.4, August 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial infoBundled with Microsoft OfficeOpen Source infoLGPLOpen Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
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Implementation languageC++JavaC
Server operating systemshostedWindows infoNot a real database server, but making use of DLLsLinux
Windows
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesnumeric data for metrics, strings for tagsyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infobut not compliant to any SQL standardnoyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
DAO
ODBC
OLE DB
HTTP API
Telnet API
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesJava
JavaScript
Objective-C
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java (JDBC-ODBC)
VBA
Visual Basic.NET
Erlang
Go
Java
Python
R
Ruby
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored procedureslimited functionality with using 'rules'yes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-enginenouser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
TriggersCallbacks are triggered when data changesyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-enginenoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding infobased on HBasepartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnoneselectable replication factor infobased on HBaseSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Immediate Consistency infobased on HBaseImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datayesACID infobut no files for transaction loggingnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infobut no files for transaction loggingyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlyes, based on authentication and database rulesno infoa simple user-level security was built in till version Access 2003nofine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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Firebase Realtime DatabaseMicrosoft AccessOpenTSDBPostgreSQL
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