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DBMS > Firebase Realtime Database vs. Microsoft Access vs. MySQL

System Properties Comparison Firebase Realtime Database vs. Microsoft Access vs. MySQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Access  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.Microsoft Access combines a backend RDBMS (JET / ACE Engine) with a GUI frontend for data manipulation and queries. infoThe Access frontend is often used for accessing other datasources (DBMS, Excel, etc.)Widely used open source RDBMS
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached API
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score11.64
Rank#41  Overall
#7  Document stores
Score135.33
Rank#9  Overall
#6  Relational DBMS
Score1253.68
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Websitefirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databaseproducts.office.com/­en-us/­accesswww.mysql.com
Technical documentationfirebase.google.com/­docs/­databasemsdn.microsoft.com/­en-us/­library/­office/­ff604965.aspxdev.mysql.com/­doc
DeveloperGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014MicrosoftOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then Sun
Initial release201219921995
Current release1902 (16.0.11328.20222), March 20198.0.17, July 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial infoBundled with Microsoft OfficeOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • Google Cloud SQL: A fully-managed database service for the Google Cloud Platform
  • Azure Database for MySQL: A fully managed, scalable MySQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
Implementation languageC++C and C++
Server operating systemshostedWindows infoNot a real database server, but making use of DLLsFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infobut not compliant to any SQL standardyes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methodsAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
DAO
OLE DB
ADO.NET
ODBC
Proprietary native API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesJava
JavaScript
Objective-C
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java (JDBC-ODBC)
VBA
Visual Basic.NET
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored procedureslimited functionality with using 'rules'yes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineyes infoproprietary syntax
TriggersCallbacks are triggered when data changesyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonehorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabric
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnoneMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyes infonot for MyISAM storage engine
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datayesACID infobut no files for transaction loggingACID infonot for MyISAM storage engine
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engine
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infobut no files for transaction loggingyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes
User concepts infoAccess controlyes, based on authentication and database rulesno infoa simple user-level security was built in till version Access 2003Users with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or roles

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More resources
Firebase Realtime DatabaseMicrosoft AccessMySQL
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