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DBMS > Firebase Realtime Database vs. MaxDB vs. Microsoft SQL Server

System Properties Comparison Firebase Realtime Database vs. MaxDB vs. Microsoft SQL Server

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonMaxDB infoformerly named Adabas-D  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.A robust and reliable RDBMS optimized to run all major SAP solutionsMicrosofts relational DBMS
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score16.85
Rank#36  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score5.05
Rank#76  Overall
#41  Relational DBMS
Score1037.64
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Websitefirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databasemaxdb.sap.comwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-server
Technical documentationfirebase.google.com/­docs/­databasemaxdb.sap.com/­documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-server
DeveloperGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014SAP, acquired from Software AG (Adabas-D) in 1997Microsoft
Initial release201219841989
Current release7.9.09 (July 2018), 2018SQL Server 2019, November 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial infoLimited community edition freecommercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++C++
Server operating systemshostedAIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
Linux
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesyes
APIs and other access methodsAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
WebDAV
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
Supported programming languagesJava
JavaScript
Objective-C
.Net
C#
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored procedureslimited functionality with using 'rules'yesTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Java
TriggersCallbacks are triggered when data changesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonetables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federation
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replicationyes, but depending on the SQL-Server Edition
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datayesACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlyes, based on authentication and database rulesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
Firebase Realtime DatabaseMaxDB infoformerly named Adabas-DMicrosoft SQL Server
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