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DBMS > Firebase Realtime Database vs. MarkLogic vs. SpaceTime

System Properties Comparison Firebase Realtime Database vs. MarkLogic vs. SpaceTime

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonMarkLogic  Xexclude from comparisonSpaceTime  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.Operational and transactional Enterprise NoSQL databaseSpaceTime is a spatio-temporal DBMS with a focus on performance.
Primary database modelDocument storeDocument store
Native XML DBMS
RDF store infoas of version 7
Search engine
Spatial DBMS
Secondary database modelsRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score13.64
Rank#39  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score5.18
Rank#63  Overall
#11  Document stores
#1  Native XML DBMS
#1  RDF stores
#7  Search engines
Score0.03
Rank#392  Overall
#8  Spatial DBMS
Websitefirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databasewww.progress.com/­marklogicwww.mireo.com/­spacetime
Technical documentationfirebase.google.com/­docs/­databasewww.progress.com/­marklogic/­documentation
DeveloperGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014MarkLogic Corp.Mireo
Initial release201220012020
Current release11.0, December 2022
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++C++
Server operating systemshostedLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free infoSchema can be enforcedyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesno
Secondary indexesyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infoSQL92A subset of ANSI SQL is implemented
APIs and other access methodsAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
Java API
Node.js Client API
ODBC
proprietary Optic API infoProprietary Query API, introduced with version 9
RESTful HTTP API
SPARQL
WebDAV
XDBC
XQuery
XSLT
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesJava
JavaScript
Objective-C
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
C++
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored procedureslimited functionality with using 'rules'yes infovia XQuery or JavaScriptno
TriggersCallbacks are triggered when data changesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingFixed-grid hypercubes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesReal-time block device replication (DRBD)
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infovia Hadoop Connector, HDFS Direct Access and in-database MapReduce jobsno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datayesACID infocan act as a resource manager in an XA/JTA transactionno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes, with Range Indexesno
User concepts infoAccess controlyes, based on authentication and database rulesRole-based access control at the document and subdocument levelsyes

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More resources
Firebase Realtime DatabaseMarkLogicSpaceTime
DB-Engines blog posts

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