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DBMS > Firebase Realtime Database vs. Machbase Neo vs. Microsoft Azure Data Explorer

System Properties Comparison Firebase Realtime Database vs. Machbase Neo vs. Microsoft Azure Data Explorer

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonMachbase Neo infoFormer name was Infiniflux  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Data Explorer  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.TimeSeries DBMS for AIoT and BigDataFully managed big data interactive analytics platform
Primary database modelDocument storeTime Series DBMSRelational DBMS infocolumn oriented
Secondary database modelsDocument store infoIf a column is of type dynamic docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­scalar-data-types/­dynamic then it's possible to add arbitrary JSON documents in this cell
Event Store infothis is the general usage pattern at Microsoft. Billing, Logs, Telemetry events are stored in ADX and the state of an individual entity is defined by the arg_max(timestamps)
Spatial DBMS
Search engine infosupport for complex search expressions docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­parseoperator FTS, Geospatial docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­geo-point-to-geohash-function distributed search -> ADX acts as a distributed search engine
Time Series DBMS infosee docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­data-explorer/­time-series-analysis
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score14.29
Rank#39  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score0.12
Rank#339  Overall
#30  Time Series DBMS
Score4.38
Rank#77  Overall
#41  Relational DBMS
Websitefirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databasemachbase.comazure.microsoft.com/­services/­data-explorer
Technical documentationfirebase.google.com/­docs/­databasemachbase.com/­dbmsdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­data-explorer
DeveloperGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014MachbaseMicrosoft
Initial release201220132019
Current releaseV8.0, August 2023cloud service with continuous releases
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial infofree test version availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC
Server operating systemshostedLinux
macOS
Windows
hosted
Data schemeschema-freeyesFixed schema with schema-less datatypes (dynamic)
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infobool, datetime, dynamic, guid, int, long, real, string, timespan, double: docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­scalar-data-types
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes
Secondary indexesyesyesall fields are automatically indexed
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like query languageKusto Query Language (KQL), SQL subset
APIs and other access methodsAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
gRPC
HTTP REST
JDBC
MQTT (Message Queue Telemetry Transport)
ODBC
Microsoft SQL Server communication protocol (MS-TDS)
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesJava
JavaScript
Objective-C
C
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript
PHP infovia ODBC
Python
R infovia ODBC
Scala
.Net
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PowerShell
Python
R
Server-side scripts infoStored procedureslimited functionality with using 'rules'noYes, possible languages: KQL, Python, R
TriggersCallbacks are triggered when data changesnoyes infosee docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­management/­updatepolicy
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factoryes infoImplicit feature of the cloud service. Replication either local, cross-facility or geo-redundant.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoSpark connector (open source): github.com/­Azure/­azure-kusto-spark
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datayesnono
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesnoyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infovolatile and lookup tableno
User concepts infoAccess controlyes, based on authentication and database rulessimple password-based access controlAzure Active Directory Authentication

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More resources
Firebase Realtime DatabaseMachbase Neo infoFormer name was InfinifluxMicrosoft Azure Data Explorer
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