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DBMS > Firebase Realtime Database vs. Lovefield vs. MarkLogic

System Properties Comparison Firebase Realtime Database vs. Lovefield vs. MarkLogic

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonLovefield  Xexclude from comparisonMarkLogic  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.Embeddable relational database for web apps written in pure JavaScriptOperational and transactional Enterprise NoSQL database
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMSDocument store
Native XML DBMS
RDF store infoas of version 7
Search engine
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score19.01
Rank#37  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score0.43
Rank#274  Overall
#128  Relational DBMS
Score8.82
Rank#50  Overall
#9  Document stores
#1  Native XML DBMS
#1  RDF stores
#5  Search engines
Websitefirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databasegoogle.github.io/­lovefieldwww.marklogic.com
Technical documentationfirebase.google.com/­docs/­databasegithub.com/­google/­lovefield/­blob/­master/­docs/­spec_index.mddocs.marklogic.com
DeveloperGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014GoogleMarkLogic Corp.
Initial release201220142001
Current release2.1.12, February 20179.0, 2017
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaScriptC++
Server operating systemshostedserver-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js) infotested with Chrome, Firefox, IE, SafariLinux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-free infoSchema can be enforced
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like query language infovia JavaScript builder patternyes infoSQL92
APIs and other access methodsAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
Java API
Node.js Client API
ODBC
proprietary Optic API infoProprietary Query API, introduced with version 9
RESTful HTTP API
SPARQL
WebDAV
XDBC
XQuery
XSLT
Supported programming languagesJava
JavaScript
Objective-C
JavaScriptC
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored procedureslimited functionality with using 'rules'noyes infovia XQuery or JavaScript
TriggersCallbacks are triggered when data changesUsing read-only observersyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnoneyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes infovia Hadoop Connector, HDFS Direct Access and in-database MapReduce jobs
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datayesACIDACID infocan act as a resource manager in an XA/JTA transaction
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes, by using IndexedDB or the cloud service Firebase Realtime Databaseyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infousing MemoryDByes, with Range Indexes
User concepts infoAccess controlyes, based on authentication and database rulesnoRole-based access control at the document and subdocument levels

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More resources
Firebase Realtime DatabaseLovefieldMarkLogic
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