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DBMS > Firebase Realtime Database vs. LokiJS vs. Microsoft Access vs. TiDB

System Properties Comparison Firebase Realtime Database vs. LokiJS vs. Microsoft Access vs. TiDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonLokiJS  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Access  Xexclude from comparisonTiDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.In-memory JavaScript DBMSMicrosoft Access combines a backend RDBMS (JET / ACE Engine) with a GUI frontend for data manipulation and queries. infoThe Access frontend is often used for accessing other datasources (DBMS, Excel, etc.)TiDB is an open source distributed Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database that supports MySQL and Spark SQL syntaxes.
Primary database modelDocument storeDocument storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score15.61
Rank#36  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score0.53
Rank#222  Overall
#32  Document stores
Score118.45
Rank#11  Overall
#7  Relational DBMS
Score2.14
Rank#123  Overall
#60  Relational DBMS
Websitefirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databasegithub.com/­techfort/­LokiJSwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­microsoft-365/­accesspingcap.com
Technical documentationfirebase.google.com/­docs/­databasetechfort.github.io/­LokiJSdeveloper.microsoft.com/­en-us/­accessdocs.pingcap.com/­tidb/­stable
DeveloperGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014MicrosoftPingCAP, Inc.
Initial release2012201419922016
Current release1902 (16.0.11328.20222), March 20194.0, July 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Sourcecommercial infoBundled with Microsoft OfficeOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaScriptC++Go, Rust
Server operating systemshostedserver-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)Windows infoNot a real database server, but making use of DLLsLinux
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesyes infovia viewsyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoyes infobut not compliant to any SQL standardyes
APIs and other access methodsAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
JavaScript APIADO.NET
DAO
ODBC
OLE DB
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languagesJava
JavaScript
Objective-C
JavaScriptC
C#
C++
Delphi
Java (JDBC-ODBC)
VBA
Visual Basic.NET
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored procedureslimited functionality with using 'rules'View functions in JavaScriptyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineno
TriggersCallbacks are triggered when data changesyesyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenonehorizontal partitioning (by key range)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnonenoneUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesnoyes infowith TiSpark Connector
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
noneImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyesno infocurrently only supported in syntax
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datayesno infoatomic operations within a single collection possibleACID infobut no files for transaction loggingACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infoSerialization of a DB in a Node.JS/Cordova/PhoneGap environment. Usage of the IndexedDB-API in a browser.yes infobut no files for transaction loggingyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlyes, based on authentication and database rulesnono infoa simple user-level security was built in till version Access 2003Users with fine-grained authorization concept. No user groups or roles.
More information provided by the system vendor
Firebase Realtime DatabaseLokiJSMicrosoft AccessTiDB
Specific characteristicsTiDB is an open-source NewSQL database built by PingCAP. TiDB supports Hybrid Transactional...
» more
Competitive advantagesIn the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...
» more
Typical application scenariosTiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...
» more
Key customersShopee (E-commerce) BookMyShow.com (E-commerce) Yiguo.com (E-commerce) JD Cloud &...
» more
Market metrics25K+ GitHub Stars for TiDB, and 8K+ GitHub Stars for TiKV 1.6K+ members in TiDB Community...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...
» more
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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
Firebase Realtime DatabaseLokiJSMicrosoft AccessTiDB
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