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DBMS > Firebase Realtime Database vs. LokiJS vs. Microsoft Access vs. Microsoft Azure Data Explorer

System Properties Comparison Firebase Realtime Database vs. LokiJS vs. Microsoft Access vs. Microsoft Azure Data Explorer

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonLokiJS  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Access  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Data Explorer  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.In-memory JavaScript DBMSMicrosoft Access combines a backend RDBMS (JET / ACE Engine) with a GUI frontend for data manipulation and queries. infoThe Access frontend is often used for accessing other datasources (DBMS, Excel, etc.)Fully managed big data interactive analytics platform
Primary database modelDocument storeDocument storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infocolumn oriented
Secondary database modelsDocument store infoIf a column is of type dynamic docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­scalar-data-types/­dynamic then it's possible to add arbitrary JSON documents in this cell
Event Store infothis is the general usage pattern at Microsoft. Billing, Logs, Telemetry events are stored in ADX and the state of an individual entity is defined by the arg_max(timestamps)
Search engine infosupport for complex search expressions docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­parseoperator FTS, Geospatial docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­geo-point-to-geohash-function distributed search -> ADX acts as a distributed search engine
Time Series DBMS infosee docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­data-explorer/­time-series-analysis
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score15.61
Rank#36  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score0.53
Rank#222  Overall
#32  Document stores
Score118.45
Rank#11  Overall
#7  Relational DBMS
Score3.71
Rank#83  Overall
#42  Relational DBMS
Websitefirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databasegithub.com/­techfort/­LokiJSwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­microsoft-365/­accessazure.microsoft.com/­services/­data-explorer
Technical documentationfirebase.google.com/­docs/­databasetechfort.github.io/­LokiJSdeveloper.microsoft.com/­en-us/­accessdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­data-explorer
DeveloperGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014MicrosoftMicrosoft
Initial release2012201419922019
Current release1902 (16.0.11328.20222), March 2019cloud service with continuous releases
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Sourcecommercial infoBundled with Microsoft Officecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaScriptC++
Server operating systemshostedserver-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)Windows infoNot a real database server, but making use of DLLshosted
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyesFixed schema with schema-less datatypes (dynamic)
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyesyes infobool, datetime, dynamic, guid, int, long, real, string, timespan, double: docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­scalar-data-types
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes
Secondary indexesyesyes infovia viewsyesall fields are automatically indexed
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoyes infobut not compliant to any SQL standardKusto Query Language (KQL), SQL subset
APIs and other access methodsAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
JavaScript APIADO.NET
DAO
ODBC
OLE DB
Microsoft SQL Server communication protocol (MS-TDS)
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesJava
JavaScript
Objective-C
JavaScriptC
C#
C++
Delphi
Java (JDBC-ODBC)
VBA
Visual Basic.NET
.Net
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PowerShell
Python
R
Server-side scripts infoStored procedureslimited functionality with using 'rules'View functions in JavaScriptyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineYes, possible languages: KQL, Python, R
TriggersCallbacks are triggered when data changesyesyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineyes infosee docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­management/­updatepolicy
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenoneSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnonenoneyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud service. Replication either local, cross-facility or geo-redundant.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
noneEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datayesno infoatomic operations within a single collection possibleACID infobut no files for transaction loggingno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infoSerialization of a DB in a Node.JS/Cordova/PhoneGap environment. Usage of the IndexedDB-API in a browser.yes infobut no files for transaction loggingyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlyes, based on authentication and database rulesnono infoa simple user-level security was built in till version Access 2003Azure Active Directory Authentication
More information provided by the system vendor
Firebase Realtime DatabaseLokiJSMicrosoft AccessMicrosoft Azure Data Explorer
Specific characteristicsAzure Data Explorer is a fast and highly scalable data exploration service for log...
» more
Competitive advantagesKusto Query Language (innovative query language, optimized for high performance data...
» more
Typical application scenariosIoT applications IoT devices generate billions of sensor readings. Normalizing and...
» more
Key customersMicrosoft, DocuSign, Taboola, Bosch, Siemens Healthineers, Bühler, Ecolab, Zoomd
» more
Market metricsAzure Data Explorer is the data service for Azure Monitor, Azure Time Series Insights,...
» more

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Firebase Realtime DatabaseLokiJSMicrosoft AccessMicrosoft Azure Data Explorer
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