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DBMS > Firebase Realtime Database vs. Impala vs. NuoDB vs. RRDtool

System Properties Comparison Firebase Realtime Database vs. Impala vs. NuoDB vs. RRDtool

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonImpala  Xexclude from comparisonNuoDB  Xexclude from comparisonRRDtool  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.Analytic DBMS for HadoopNuoDB is a webscale distributed database that supports SQL and ACID transactionsIndustry standard data logging and graphing tool for time series data. RRD is an acronym for round-robin database. infoThe data is stored in a circular buffer, thus the system storage footprint remains constant over time.
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMSTime Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score18.92
Rank#39  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score18.03
Rank#40  Overall
#25  Relational DBMS
Score0.97
Rank#179  Overall
#87  Relational DBMS
Score2.50
Rank#115  Overall
#7  Time Series DBMS
Websitefirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databasewww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlnuodb.comoss.oetiker.ch/­rrdtool
Technical documentationfirebase.google.com/­docs/­databasedocs.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmldoc.nuodb.comoss.oetiker.ch/­rrdtool/­doc
DeveloperGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014ClouderaNuoDB, Inc.Tobias Oetiker
Initial release2012201320131999
Current release4.0.0, July 20211.7.2, May 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2commercial infolimited edition freeOpen Source infoGPL V2 and FLOSS
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++C++C infoImplementations in Java (e.g. RRD4J) and C# available
Server operating systemshostedLinuxhosted infoAmazon EC2, Windows Azure, SoftLayer
Linux
OS X
Windows
HP-UX
Linux
Data schemeschema-freeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesNumeric data only
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono infoExporting into and restoring from XML files possible
Secondary indexesyesyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyesno
APIs and other access methodsAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
in-process shared library
Pipes
Supported programming languagesJava
JavaScript
Objective-C
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
C infowith librrd library
C# infowith a different implementation of RRDTool
Java infowith a different implementation of RRDTool
JavaScript (Node.js) infowith a different implementation of RRDTool
Lua
Perl
PHP infowith a wrapper library
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored procedureslimited functionality with using 'rules'yes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceJava, SQLno
TriggersCallbacks are triggered when data changesnoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingdata is dynamically stored/cached on the nodes where it is read/writtennone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factoryes infoManaged transparently by NuoDBnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infoquery execution via MapReducenono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Eventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistencynone
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datayesnoACID infotunable commit protocolno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infoMVCCyes infoby using the rrdcached daemon
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infoTemporary tableyes
User concepts infoAccess controlyes, based on authentication and database rulesAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and KerberosStandard SQL roles/ privileges, Administrative Usersno

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More resources
Firebase Realtime DatabaseImpalaNuoDBRRDtool
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