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DBMS > Firebase Realtime Database vs. Ignite vs. XAP

System Properties Comparison Firebase Realtime Database vs. Ignite vs. XAP

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonIgnite  Xexclude from comparisonXAP  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.Apache Ignite is a memory-centric distributed database, caching, and processing platform for transactional, analytical, and streaming workloads, delivering in-memory speeds at petabyte scale.High performant in-memory data grid for mission critical applications. Insight Edge from the same company extends XAP for AI/ML support, BI and other interfaces
Primary database modelDocument storeKey-value store
Relational DBMS
Document store
Key-value store infoValues are user defined objects
Secondary database modelsObject oriented DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score15.31
Rank#37  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score5.08
Rank#71  Overall
#11  Key-value stores
#39  Relational DBMS
Score0.95
Rank#169  Overall
#25  Document stores
#32  Key-value stores
Websitefirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databaseignite.apache.orgwww.gigaspaces.com/­products/­xap
Technical documentationfirebase.google.com/­docs/­databaseapacheignite.readme.io/­docsdocs.gigaspaces.com/­latest/­landing.html
DeveloperGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014Apache Software FoundationGigaspaces Technologies
Initial release201220152000
Current releaseApache Ignite 2.614.5.0, June 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache Version 2; Commercial licenses available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++, Java, .NetJava, C++, .Net
Server operating systemshostedLinux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
macOS
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesno infoXML can be used for describing objects metadata
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoANSI-99 for query and DML statements, subset of DDLSQL-like query language and DML statements
APIs and other access methodsAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
HDFS API
Hibernate
JCache
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data
GigaSpaces LRMI
Hibernate
JCache
JDBC
JPA
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data
Supported programming languagesJava
JavaScript
Objective-C
C#
C++
Java
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C++
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored procedureslimited functionality with using 'rules'yes (compute grid and cache interceptors can be used instead)yes
TriggersCallbacks are triggered when data changesyes (cache interceptors and events)yes infoEvent Listeners
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infoHash based
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes (replicated cache)Multi-source replication infosynchronous or asynchronous
Source-replica replication infosynchronous or asynchronous
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes (compute grid and hadoop accelerator)yes infoMap-Reduce pattern can be built with XAP task executors
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable: ALL, QUORUM, ANY
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datayesACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlyes, based on authentication and database rulesSecurity Hooks for custom implementationsRole-based access control

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More resources
Firebase Realtime DatabaseIgniteXAP
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