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DBMS > Firebase Realtime Database vs. Ignite vs. Microsoft SQL Server

System Properties Comparison Firebase Realtime Database vs. Ignite vs. Microsoft SQL Server

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonIgnite  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.Apache Ignite is a memory-centric distributed database, caching, and processing platform for transactional, analytical, and streaming workloads, delivering in-memory speeds at petabyte scale.Microsofts relational DBMS
Primary database modelDocument storeKey-value store
Relational DBMS
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score16.96
Rank#35  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score5.32
Rank#71  Overall
#11  Key-value stores
#39  Relational DBMS
Score1038.09
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Websitefirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databaseignite.apache.orgwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-server
Technical documentationfirebase.google.com/­docs/­databaseapacheignite.readme.io/­docsdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-server
DeveloperGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014Apache Software FoundationMicrosoft
Initial release201220151989
Current releaseApache Ignite 2.6SQL Server 2019, November 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++, Java, .NetC++
Server operating systemshostedLinux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoANSI-99 for query and DML statements, subset of DDLyes
APIs and other access methodsAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
HDFS API
Hibernate
JCache
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
Supported programming languagesJava
JavaScript
Objective-C
C#
C++
Java
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored procedureslimited functionality with using 'rules'yes (compute grid and cache interceptors can be used instead)Transact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Java
TriggersCallbacks are triggered when data changesyes (cache interceptors and events)yes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingtables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federation
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes (replicated cache)yes, but depending on the SQL-Server Edition
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes (compute grid and hadoop accelerator)no
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datayesACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlyes, based on authentication and database rulesSecurity Hooks for custom implementationsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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Firebase Realtime DatabaseIgniteMicrosoft SQL Server
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